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Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range
TLDR
There were few strong co-occurrence patterns between microbes, suggesting that major metabolic interactions are non-selective rather than specific, and could make it possible to mitigate methane emissions by developing strategies that target the few dominant methanogens. Expand
Erratum: Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range
TLDR
There were few strong co-occurrence patterns between microbes, suggesting that major metabolic interactions are non-selective rather than specific, and could make it possible to mitigate methane emissions by developing strategies that target the few dominant methanogens. Expand
Butyrivibrio hungatei sp. nov. and Pseudobutyrivibrio xylanivorans sp. nov., butyrate-producing bacteria from the rumen.
TLDR
Two novel Gram-negative, anaerobic, non-spore-forming, butyrate-producing bacterial species, strains Mz 5T and JK 615T, were isolated from the rumen fluid of cow and sheep and phylogenetic relationships were determined. Expand
Relation between phylogenetic position, lipid metabolism and butyrate production by different Butyrivibrio-like bacteria from the rumen
TLDR
Information provided provides strong links between phenotypic and phylogenetic properties of this group of clostridial cluster XIVa Gram-positive bacteria. Expand
Oral administration of Parabacteroides distasonis antigens attenuates experimental murine colitis through modulation of immunity and microbiota composition
TLDR
Oral treatment of BALB/c mice with components from the commensal, Parabacteroides distasonis, significantly reduces the severity of intestinal inflammation in murine models of acute and chronic colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS). Expand
Cellular Location and Some Properties of Proteolytic Enzymes of Rumen Bacteria
TLDR
Inhibition studies indicated that these proteases, and those of the whole bacterial fraction from rumen fluid, were predominantly of the cysteine protease type. Expand
Effect of DNA extraction and sample preservation method on rumen bacterial population.
TLDR
Intracellular DNA extraction using bead-beating method from cheesecloth sieved rumen content mixed with PBS-glycerol and stored at -80 °C was found as the optimal method to study ruminal bacterial profile. Expand
Bombiscardovia coagulans gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of bumblebees.
TLDR
Bombiscardovia coagulans was found to differ from all scardovial genera in the ability to grow at temperatures as low as 5°C, which was another major phenotypically different characteristic of this new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae. Expand
Altered Gut Microbiota Promotes Colitis-Associated Cancer in IL-1 Receptor–Associated Kinase M–Deficient Mice
TLDR
It is concluded that gut microbiota promotes tumorigenesis by increasing the exposure of gut epithelium to carcinogens and that IRAK-M–negative regulation is essential for colon cancer resistance even in conditions of altered microbiota. Expand
Genetically Modified Ruminal Bacteria Protect Sheep from Fluoroacetate Poisoning
ABSTRACT Four strains of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, transformed with a gene encoding fluoroacetate dehalogenase, maintained a combined population of 106 to 107 cells ml−1 in the rumens of test sheep.Expand
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