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The Influence of Functional Diversity and Composition on Ecosystem Processes
Humans are modifying both the identities and numbers of species in ecosystems, but the impacts of such changes on ecosystem processes are controversial. Plant species diversity, functional diversity,… Expand
TRY – a global database of plant traits
Plant traits – the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants and their organs – determine how primary producers respond to environmental… Expand
Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment
Human-driven ecosystem simplification has highlighted questions about how the number of species in an ecosystem influences its functioning. Although biodiversity is now known to affect ecosystem… Expand
Biodiversity as a barrier to ecological invasion
Biological invasions are a pervasive and costly environmental problem that has been the focus of intense management and research activities over the past half century. Yet accurate predictions of… Expand
Plant diversity increases resistance to invasion in the absence of covarying extrinsic factors
Biological invasion is a widespread, but poorly understood phenomenon. Elton's hypothesis, supported by theory, experiment, and anecdotal evidence, suggests that an important determinant of invasion… Expand
Plant species loss decreases arthropod diversity and shifts trophic structure.
- N. Haddad, G. Crutsinger, K. Gross, J. Haarstad, J. Knops, D. Tilman
- Biology, Medicine
- Ecology letters
- 1 October 2009
Plant diversity is predicted to be positively linked to the diversity of herbivores and predators in a foodweb. Yet, the relationship between plant and animal diversity is explained by a variety of… Expand
Consistent responses of soil microbial communities to elevated nutrient inputs in grasslands across the globe
- J. W. Leff, S. E. Jones, +15 authors N. Fierer
- Biology, Medicine
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 17 August 2015
Significance Human activities have resulted in large increases in the availability of nutrients in terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. Although plant community responses to elevated nutrients have been… Expand
Productivity Is a Poor Predictor of Plant Species Richness
Standardized sampling from many sites worldwide was used to address an important ecological problem. For more than 30 years, the relationship between net primary productivity and species richness has… Expand
Herbivore impact on grassland plant diversity depends on habitat productivity and herbivore size.
Mammalian herbivores can have pronounced effects on plant diversity but are currently declining in many productive ecosystems through direct extirpation, habitat loss and fragmentation, while being… Expand
Plant diversity predicts beta but not alpha diversity of soil microbes across grasslands worldwide.
Aboveground-belowground interactions exert critical controls on the composition and function of terrestrial ecosystems, yet the fundamental relationships between plant diversity and soil microbial… Expand