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The Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)
Abstract The Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) has recently been developed and released to the climate community. CCSM3 is a coupled climate model with components representing theExpand
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Aerosols, Climate, and the Hydrological Cycle
Human activities are releasing tiny particles (aerosols) into the atmosphere. These human-made aerosols enhance scattering and absorption of solar radiation. They also produce brighter clouds thatExpand
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The National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model: CCM3*
The latest version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3) is described. The changes in both physical and dynamical formulation from CCM2 to CCM3 areExpand
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Earth's annual global mean energy budget
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to put forward a new estimate, in the context of previous assessments, of the annual global mean energy budget. A description is provided of the source of eachExpand
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Quantifying Climate Feedbacks Using Radiative Kernels
Abstract The extent to which the climate will change due to an external forcing depends largely on radiative feedbacks, which act to amplify or damp the surface temperature response. There are aExpand
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Indian Ocean Experiment: An integrated analysis of the climate forcing and effects of the great Indo-Asian haze
Every year, from December to April, anthropogenic haze spreads over most of the North Indian Ocean, and South and Southeast Asia. The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) documented this Indo-Asian hazeExpand
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Atmospheric brown clouds: impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle.
South Asian emissions of fossil fuel SO(2) and black carbon increased approximately 6-fold since 1930, resulting in large atmospheric concentrations of black carbon and other aerosols. This periodExpand
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The Community Climate System Model, version 2
Abstract The Community Climate System Model, version 2 (CCSM2) is briefly described. A 1000-yr control simulation of the present day climate has been completed without flux adjustments. MinorExpand
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The Climate Sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)
Abstract The climate sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM) is described in terms of the equilibrium change in surface temperature due to a doubling of carbon dioxide in a slabExpand
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The Relative Roles of Sulfate Aerosols and Greenhouse Gases in Climate Forcing
Calculations of the effects of both natural and anthropogenic tropospheric sulfate aerosols indicate that the aerosol climate forcing is sufficiently large in a number of regions of the NorthernExpand
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