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Genetic and biochemical analysis of a laboratory-selected spirodiclofen-resistant strain of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae).
BACKGROUND Spirodiclofen is a selective, non-systemic acaricide from the new chemical class of tetronic acid derivatives. In order to develop strategies to minimise resistance in the field, aExpand
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Acaricide resistance and resistance mechanisms in Tetranychus urticae populations from rose greenhouses in the Netherlands.
BACKGROUND Spider mites are important crop pests that rapidly develop resistance to acaricides. To investigate whether acaricide resistance is a threat to greenhouse rose culture in the Netherlands,Expand
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Mutations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) confer cross-resistance between bifenazate and acequinocyl.
BACKGROUND Resistance of Tetranychus urticae Koch to bifenazate was recently linked with mutations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b Q(o) pocket, suggesting that bifenazate acts as a Q(o) inhibitorExpand
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Acetylcholinesterase point mutations in European strains of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) resistant to organophosphates.
BACKGROUND In Tetranychus urticae Koch, acetylcholinesterase insensitivity is often involved in organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CARB) resistance. By combining toxicological, biochemical andExpand
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Effects of spirodiclofen on reproduction in a susceptible and resistant strain of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae)
In this study the reproductive capacity of a laboratory-selected spirodiclofen resistant strain was investigated after treatment with spirodiclofen. Firstly, females were exposed to differentExpand
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Identification of pyrethroid resistance associated mutations in the para sodium channel of the two‐spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae)
We investigated pyrethroid resistance mechanisms in Tetranychus urticae strains from Greece. Combined bioassay, biochemical and synergistic data indicated that although P450 mono‐oxygenase activitiesExpand
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Molecular analysis of resistance to acaricidal spirocyclic tetronic acids in Tetranychus urticae: CYP392E10 metabolizes spirodiclofen, but not its corresponding enol.
Spirodiclofen is one of the most recently developed acaricides and belongs to the new family of spirocyclic tetronic acids (ketoenols). This new acaricidal family is an important chemical tool inExpand
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The cyclic keto-enol insecticide spirotetramat inhibits insect and spider mite acetyl-CoA carboxylases by interfering with the carboxyltransferase partial reaction.
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) catalyzes the committed and rate-limiting step in fatty acid biosynthesis. The two partial reactions, carboxylation of biotin followed by carboxyl transfer to theExpand
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Effect of Ferula assafoetida essential oil on some biological and behavioral traits of Trichogramma embryophagum and T. evanescens
Fumigant toxicity of the essential oil of Ferula assafoetida L. (Umbelliferae), a potent botanical insecticide against carob moth, was investigated under laboratory conditions on the fitness of twoExpand
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SAFFLOWER FLY (ACANTHIOPHILUS HELIANTHI), APHID (UROLEUCON CARTHAMI) AND LEAFHOPPER EMPOASCA DECIPIENS
I& F 9 9 780 JA! ? K = L ! 0 K (0& F M F! N ? =C > + 9 J 20 @ :O; @O 6 < P 780 9 ) Acanthiophilus helianthi ( D+ @ 0! + 1 2 3 4 Q FG @ 0" + N 4 > > F! P F . O 0 S @ 3 O4 0O5 1 2 6 0 > < =2 * 780 9 <Expand
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