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ENERGY, WATER, AND BROAD‐SCALE GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS OF SPECIES RICHNESS
It is often claimed that we do not understand the forces driving the global diversity gradient. However, an extensive literature suggests that contemporary climate constrains terrestrial taxonomic
Predictions and tests of climate‐based hypotheses of broad‐scale variation in taxonomic richness
TLDR
This work rejects the energy–richness hypothesis in its standard form and considers some proposed modifications, and deriving and testing predictions based on their hypothesized mechanisms.
From space to species: ecological applications for remote sensing
Abstract A variety of ecological applications require data from broad spatial extents that cannot be collected using field-based methods. Remote sensing data and techniques address these needs, which
Spatial species‐richness gradients across scales: a meta‐analysis
Aim  We surveyed the empirical literature to determine how well six diversity hypotheses account for spatial patterns in species richness across varying scales of grain and extent. Location 
Habitat heterogeneity as a determinant of mammal species richness in high-energy regions
A fundamental problem in ecological research is to explain large-scale gradients in species richness1,2. Although many causative agents for this phenomenon have been suggested, the species
Climate change impacts on bumblebees converge across continents
TLDR
Using long-term observations across Europe and North America over 110 years, testing for climate change–related range shifts in bumblebee species across the full extents of their latitudinal and thermal limits and movements along elevation gradients found cross-continentally consistent trends in failures to track warming through time at species’ northern range limits.
Remotely sensed habitat diversity predicts butterfly species richness and community similarity in Canada
TLDR
It is demonstrated that habitat heterogeneity, as measured by remotely sensed land cover variation, explains Canadian butterfly richness better than any energy-related variable the authors measured across spatial scales.
Species Richness, Endemism, and the Choice of Areas for Conservation
TLDR
It is found that the use of Carnivora as an umbrella taxon is an unreliable method for invertebrate conservation and richness and endemism patterns were not generally similar between taxa.
The Macroecological Contribution to Global Change Solutions
TLDR
Global changes create pseudo-experimental opportunities to build stronger, mechanistic theories in macroecology that successfully predict multiple phenomena across spatial scales, and will help address the biotic consequences of global change.
Predicting the future of species diversity: macroecological theory, climate change, and direct tests of alternative forecasting methods
Accurate predictions of future shifts in species diversity in response to global change are critical if useful conservation strategies are to be developed. The most widely used prediction method is
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