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Cumulative effects associated with recurrent concussion in collegiate football players: the NCAA Concussion Study.
This study suggests thatPlayers with a history of previous concussions are more likely to have future concussive injuries than those with no history; 1 in 15 players with a concussion may have additional concussions in the same playing season; and previous concussion may be associated with slower recovery of neurological function.
Acute effects and recovery time following concussion in collegiate football players: the NCAA Concussion Study.
CONTEXT Lack of empirical data on recovery time following sport-related concussion hampers clinical decision making about return to play after injury. OBJECTIVE To prospectively measure immediate…
The minimally conscious state: Definition and diagnostic criteria
MCS is characterized by inconsistent but clearly discernible behavioral evidence of consciousness and can be distinguished from coma and VS by documenting the presence of specific behavioral features not found in either of these conditions.
National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Management of Sport-Related Concussion.
This paper aims to provide a history of Athletic Trainers’ Association-funded research into why and how the number of visits to the gym and the intensity of training has changed over the years have changed.
Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC): On-Site Mental Status Evaluation of the Athlete
Findings support the Standardized Assessment of Concussion's effectiveness in detecting concussion and tracking recovery in order to determine a player's fitness to return to play.
An Integrated Review of Recovery after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI): Implications for Clinical Management
Findings from clinical, basic science, and functional neuroimaging studies now establish a foundation on which to build integrative theories and testable hypotheses around a comprehensive model of MTBI recovery.
Standard regression-based methods for measuring recovery after sport-related concussion
- M. McCrea, W. Barr, J. Kelly
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of the International Neuropsychological…
- 1 January 2005
The implementation of neuropsychological testing to detect subtle cognitive impairment is most useful once postconcussive symptoms have resolved, and this management model is also supported by practical and other methodological considerations.
Incidence, Clinical Course, and Predictors of Prolonged Recovery Time Following Sport-Related Concussion in High School and College Athletes
- M. McCrea, K. Guskiewicz, J. Kelly
- Medicine, PsychologyJournal of the International Neuropsychological…
- 12 October 2012
It is suggested that a small percentage of athletes may experience symptoms and functional impairments beyond the typical window of recovery after SRC, and that prolonged recovery is associated with acute indicators of more severe injury.
Concussion symptom inventory: an empirically derived scale for monitoring resolution of symptoms following sport-related concussion.
The newly derived Concussion Symptom Inventory is presented and recommended as a research and clinical tool for monitoring recovery from sport-related concussion.