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Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model
The Lund-Potsdam-Jena Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (LPJ) combines process-based, large-scale representations of terrestrial vegetation dynamics and land-atmosphere carbon and water exchanges in aExpand
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Mid- to Late Holocene climate change: an overview
The last 6000 years are of particular interest to the understanding of the Earth System because the boundary conditions of the climate system did not change dramatically (in comparison to largerExpand
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The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe
Abstract Humans have transformed Europe's landscapes since the establishment of the first agricultural societies in the mid-Holocene. The most important anthropogenic alteration of the naturalExpand
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Carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere in the Twentieth Century: Analyses of CO2, climate and land use effects with four process‐based ecosystem models
The concurrent effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration, climate variability, and cropland establishment and abandonment on terrestrial carbon storage between 1920 and 1992 were assessedExpand
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The application and interpretation of Keeling plots in terrestrial carbon cycle research
[1] Photosynthesis and respiration impart distinct isotopic signatures to the atmosphere that are used to constrain global carbon source/sink estimates and partition ecosystem fluxes. Increasingly,Expand
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Holocene carbon emissions as a result of anthropogenic land cover change
Humans have altered the Earth’s land surface since the Paleolithic mainly by clearing woody vegetation first to improve hunting and gathering opportunities, and later to provide agriculturalExpand
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Climate change and Arctic ecosystems: 2. Modeling, paleodata‐model comparisons, and future projections
Large variations in the composition, structure, and function of Arctic ecosystems are determined by climatic gradients, especially of growing-season warmth, soil moisture, and snow cover. A unifiedExpand
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The climate of Europe during the Holocene: a gridded pollen-based reconstruction and its multi-proxy evaluation
We present a new gridded climate reconstruction for Europe for the last 12,000 years based on pollen data. The reconstruction is an update of Davis et al. (2003) using the same methodology, but withExpand
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Geophysical Applications of Vegetation Modeling
This thesis describes the development and selected applications of a global vegetation model, BIOME4. The model is applied to problems in high-latitude vegetation distribution and climate, trace gasExpand
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2500 Years of European Climate Variability and Human Susceptibility
Variability of central European temperature and precipitation shows correlations with some major historical changes. Climate variations influenced the agricultural productivity, health risk, andExpand
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