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Prevalence of sleep disorders in the Los Angeles metropolitan area.
TLDR
Insomnia, nightmares, and hypersomnia were correlated with more frequent general physical and mental health problems and were often chronic and usually started early in life.
Management of insomnia.
TLDR
Clinical and laboratory findings are presented, the causative factors of in­ somnia are defined, assessment guidelines are delineated, and appropriate treatment methods are reviewed.
Cigarette smoking associated with sleep difficulty.
TLDR
It is found that sleep patterns significantly improved in a group of eight chronic smokers when they abstained from cigarette smoking, consistent with reports on the stimulant effects of nicotine.
Nightmares: clinical characteristics and personality patterns.
TLDR
Psychological factors played a major role in the development and persistence of nightmares, major life events were often associated with the onset of the disorder, mental stress usually increased the frequency of events, and psychological testing indicated relatively high levels of psychopathology.
Night terrors. Clinical characteristics and personality patterns.
TLDR
Although night terrors and sleepwalking in childhood seem to be related primarily to genetic and developmental factors, their persistence and especially their onset in adulthood are found to berelated more to psychological factors.
Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V: Clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates.
TLDR
The authors compared two large samples of insomniac patients with a group of control subjects, finding that psychiatric factors need to be a primary focus in the multidimensional treatment of chronic insomnia.
Narcolepsy-cataplexy. II. Psychosocial consequences and associated psychopathology.
TLDR
The emotional and psychosocial correlates of narcoleptic patients showed high levels of psychopathology compared with controls, but this difference is considered to be primarily a reaction to the disorder and its effects.
Somnambulism. Clinical characteristics and personality patterns.
TLDR
Current sleepwalkers showed active, outwardly directed behavioral patterns, suggestive of difficulties in handling aggression, and demonstrated high levels of psychopathology, whereas past sleep walkers had essentially normal psychological patterns.
Personality patterns in insomnia. Theoretical implications.
TLDR
It is proposed that the predominant personality styles in this sample were characterized by the internalization of psychological distrubances rather than by acting out or aggression, and that this process is a psychophysiological mechansim underlyling insomnia.
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