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* The Idea of Temperament: The Past * What Is Temperament? * The Family of Fears * The Beginnings * The Physiology of Inhibited and Uninhibited Children * Early Predictors of the Two Types * Infant…
Loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection
- J. Kagan
- 1 March 2009
The physiology and psychology of behavioral inhibition in children.
Longitudinal study of 2 cohorts of children selected in the second or third year of life to be extremely cautious and shy (inhibited) or fearless and outgoing (uninhibited) to unfamiliar events…
Biological bases of childhood shyness.
The group differences in peripheral physiological reactions suggest that inherited variation in the threshold of arousal in selected limbic sites may contribute to shyness in childhood and even extreme degrees of social avoidance in adults.
Reflection--impulsivity: the generality and dynamics of conceptual tempo.
- J. Kagan
- PsychologyJournal of abnormal psychology
- 30 January 1966
3rd-grade children previously classified as either reflective or impulsive were administered a serial learning task under 3 different conditions, and Reflective boys who were told the next lists were difficult showed the largest increase in incorrect words.
Human Amygdala Responsivity to Masked Fearful Eye Whites
The amygdala was more responsive to fearful (larger) eye whites than to happy (smaller) eye whites presented in a masking paradigm that mitigated subjects' awareness of their presence and aberrant…
Further evidence of association between behavioral inhibition and social anxiety in children.
- J. Biederman, D. Hirshfeld-Becker, S. Faraone
- Psychology, MedicineThe American journal of psychiatry
- 1 October 2001
This study adds to the growing literature suggesting an association between behavioral inhibition and social anxiety disorder and an inverse relationship between inhibition and disruptive behavior disorders.