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Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory
TLDR
It is concluded that it is possible to improve Gf without practicing the testing tasks themselves, opening a wide range of applications.
Storage and executive processes in the frontal lobes.
The human frontal cortex helps mediate working memory, a system that is used for temporary storage and manipulation of information and that is involved in many higher cognitive functions. Working
The Cognitive Benefits of Interacting With Nature
TLDR
Two experiments are presented that show that walking in nature or viewing pictures of nature can improve directed-attention abilities as measured with a backwards digit-span task and the Attention Network Task, thus validating attention restoration theory.
Temporal dynamics of brain activation during a working memory task
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to examine brain activation in human subjects during performance of a working memory task and to show that prefrontal cortex along with parietal cortex appears to play a role in active maintenance.
Dissociating verbal and spatial working memory using PET.
TLDR
Results of three experiments used position emission tomography to study the neural basis of human working memory indicate that verbal and spatial working memory are implemented by different neural structures.
Age Differences in the Frontal Lateralization of Verbal and Spatial Working Memory Revealed by PET
TLDR
Positron emission tomography was used to investigate verbal and spatial short-term storage in older and younger adults to consider several mechanisms that could account for these age differences including the possibility that bilateral activation reflects recruitment to compensate for neural decline.
Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults
TLDR
Experience-sampling results suggest that Facebook may undermine well-being, rather than enhancing it, as Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time.
Abrupt visual onsets and selective attention: evidence from visual search.
TLDR
It is hypothesized that an abrupt onset in a visual display would capture visual attention, giving this item a processing advantage over items lacking an abrupt leading edge, and designed a second experiment to ensure that this finding was due to attentional factors rather than to sensory or perceptual ones.
Uniqueness of abrupt visual onset in capturing attention
TLDR
Experiments are reported investigating whether abrupt onset is simply one member of a large class of stimulus characteristics, all of which are capable of capturing attention, and whether these also could elicit shifts of attention.
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