• Publications
  • Influence
Closure of the Isthmus of Panama: The near-shore marine record of Costa Rica and western Panama
The final closure of the Isthmus of Panama at ∼3.5 Ma divided the American tropical ocean into two separate and different oceanographic regions. Consequences for the marine biota were profound, but,Expand
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Baselines and Degradation of Coral Reefs in the Northern Line Islands
Effective conservation requires rigorous baselines of pristine conditions to assess the impacts of human activities and to evaluate the efficacy of management. Most coral reefs are moderately toExpand
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Status and trends of Caribbean coral reefs : 1970-2012
With only about one-sixth of the original coral cover left, most Caribbean coral reefs may disappear in the next 20 years, primarily due to the loss of grazers in the region, according to this latestExpand
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Reefs since Columbus
Abstract. History shows that Caribbean coastal ecosystems were severely degraded long before ecologists began to study them. Large vertebrates such as the green turtle, hawksbill turtle, manatee andExpand
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Population Dynamics and Life Histories of Foliaceous Corals
The population dynamics of five species of foliaceous corals (Agaricia agaricites forma purpurea, A. lamarcki, Leptoseris cucullata, Montastrea annularis, and Porites astreoides) was followed onExpand
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Competition on Marine Hard Substrata: The Adaptive Significance of Solitary and Colonial Strategies
  • J. Jackson
  • Biology
  • The American Naturalist
  • 1 July 1977
Most solitary and colonial animals inhabiting marine hard substrata differ fundamentally in their ability to use space. Colonial animals are superior space competitors because (1) indeterminateExpand
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Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services
Human-dominated marine ecosystems are experiencing accelerating loss of populations and species, with largely unknown consequences. We analyzed local experiments, long-term regional time series, andExpand
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Pleistocene Perspectives on Coral Reef Community Structure
Composition and zonation of coral reef communities are unstable on the scale of human lifetimes, but stable on average over thousands to hundreds of thousands of years. Traditional small-scaleExpand
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Shifting Baselines, Local Impacts, and Global Change on Coral Reefs
The striking health of remote coral reefs provides clear evidence that protection from local overfishing and pollution can help mitigate the impacts of global warming.
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Structure of Caribbean coral reef communities across a large gradient of fish biomass.
The collapse of Caribbean coral reefs has been attributed in part to historic overfishing, but whether fish assemblages can recover and how such recovery might affect the benthic reef community hasExpand
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