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Absorption of Solar Radiation by Clouds: Observations Versus Models
There has been a long history of unexplained anomalous absorption of solar radiation by clouds. Collocated satellite and surface measurements of solar radiation at five geographically diverseExpand
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Diagnostic study of climate feedback processes in atmospheric general circulation models
A method is proposed to diagnose climate feedbacks of water vapor, temperature lapse-rate, and cloud variations in atmospheric general circulation models. It is then applied to study differences inExpand
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The Hydrologic and Thermodynamic Characteristics of the NCAR CCM3
Climatological properties for selected aspects of the thermodynamic structure and hydrologic cycle are presented from a 15-yr numerical simulation conducted with the National Center for AtmosphericExpand
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The Energy Budget of the NCAR Community Climate Model: CCM3*
Abstract The energy budget of the latest version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3) is described. The energy budget at the top of the atmosphere andExpand
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The Dynamical Simulation of the NCAR Community Climate Model Version 3 (CCM3)
The dynamical simulation of the standard configuration of the latest version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3) is examined, including the seasonalExpand
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Radiative and Dynamical Feedbacks over the Equatorial Cold Tongue: Results from Nine Atmospheric GCMs
Abstract The equatorial Pacific is a region with strong negative feedbacks. Yet coupled general circulation models (GCMs) have exhibited a propensity to develop a significant SST bias in that region,Expand
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Comparing clouds and their seasonal variations in 10 atmospheric general circulation models with satellite measurements
[1] To assess the current status of climate models in simulating clouds, basic cloud climatologies from ten atmospheric general circulation models are compared with satellite measurements from theExpand
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Cloud feedback in atmospheric general circulation models: An update
Six years ago, we compared the climate sensitivity of 19 atmospheric general circulation models and found a roughly threefold variation among the models; most of this variation was attributed toExpand
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Uncertainties in Carbon Dioxide Radiative Forcing in Atmospheric General Circulation Models
Global warming caused by an increase in the concentrations of greenhouse gases, is the direct result of greenhouse gas—induced radiative forcing. When a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide isExpand
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A comparison of single column model simulations of summertime midlatitude continental convection
Eleven different single-column models (SCMs) and one cloud ensemble model (CEM) are driven by boundary conditions observed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program southern Great PlainsExpand
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