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Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: a case-control study.
OBJECTIVE Muscle dysmorphia is a form of body dysmorphic disorder in which individuals develop a pathological preoccupation with their muscularity. METHOD The authors interviewed 24 men with muscleExpand
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Neuropsychological performance in long-term cannabis users.
BACKGROUND Although cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States, its long-term cognitive effects remain inadequately studied. METHODS We recruited individuals aged 30 to 55Expand
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Body image perception among men in three countries.
OBJECTIVE The authors tested the hypothesis that men in modern Western societies would desire to have a much leaner and more muscular body than the body they actually had or perceived themselves toExpand
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Anorexia nervosa and "reverse anorexia" among 108 male bodybuilders.
Two disorders of body image encountered in a study of 108 bodybuilders are described. In a study of the psychiatric effects of anabolic steroids, structured interviews were administered to 55Expand
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Body dysmorphic disorder: 30 cases of imagined ugliness.
OBJECTIVE Body dysmorphic disorder, preoccupation with an imagined defect in appearance, is included in DSM-III-R but has received little empirical study. The authors investigated the demographics,Expand
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Clinical and research implications of the diagnosis of dysphoric or mixed mania or hypomania.
OBJECTIVE The authors reviewed available evidence regarding the status of dysphoric or mixed mania as a distinct clinical state and formulated operational criteria for its diagnosis. METHOD StudiesExpand
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Effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on mood and aggression in normal men: a randomized controlled trial.
BACKGROUND Field studies of illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid users suggest that some develop manic or aggressive reactions to these drugs-a potential public health problem. However, controlledExpand
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Kleptomania: a report of 20 cases.
OBJECTIVE The authors' objective was to provide phenomenologic, family history, and treatment response data on a group of rigorously diagnosed patients with kleptomania. METHOD Twenty consecutiveExpand
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Comorbidity of fibromyalgia with medical and psychiatric disorders.
PURPOSE Patients with fibromyalgia have been reported to display high rates of several concomitant medical and psychiatric disorders, including migraine, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigueExpand
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A comparison of delusional and nondelusional body dysmorphic disorder in 100 cases.
A controversial issue that was debated for DSM-IV is whether body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)--a preoccupation with an imagined defect in appearance--can be psychotic. BDD is classified separately fromExpand
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