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Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: a case-control study.
TLDR
Muscle dysmorphia appears to be a valid diagnostic entity, possibly related to a larger group of disorders, and is associated with striking and stereotypical features.
Neuropsychological performance in long-term cannabis users.
TLDR
Some cognitive deficits appear detectable at least 7 days after heavy cannabis use but appear reversible and related to recent cannabis exposure rather than irreversible andrelated to cumulative lifetime use.
Body image perception among men in three countries.
TLDR
The wide discrepancy between men's actual muscularity and their body ideals may help explain the apparent rise in disorders such as muscle dysmorphia and anabolic steroid abuse.
Anorexia nervosa and "reverse anorexia" among 108 male bodybuilders.
Body dysmorphic disorder: 30 cases of imagined ugliness.
TLDR
This often secret, chronic disorder can cause considerable distress and impairment, may be related to obsessive-compulsive disorder or mood disorder, and may respond to serotonin reuptake-blocking antidepressants.
Clinical and research implications of the diagnosis of dysphoric or mixed mania or hypomania.
TLDR
Substantial evidence suggests that dysphoric mania may be a distinct affective state in patients with bipolar disorder and proposes preliminary operational diagnostic criteria for its diagnosis.
Effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on mood and aggression in normal men: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
Testosterone administration, 600 mg/wk increased ratings of manic symptoms in normal men; this effect was not uniform across individuals; most showed little psychological change, whereas a few developed prominent effects.
Kleptomania: a report of 20 cases.
OBJECTIVE The authors' objective was to provide phenomenologic, family history, and treatment response data on a group of rigorously diagnosed patients with kleptomania. METHOD Twenty consecutive
A comparison of delusional and nondelusional body dysmorphic disorder in 100 cases.
TLDR
Findings have implications for BDD's treatment and classification, suggesting that inclusion of a delusional (psychotic) subtype of BDD should be considered for future editions of DSM.
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