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Assessment of risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops to nontarget arthropods
An international initiative is developing a scientifically rigorous approach to evaluate the potential risks to nontarget arthropods posed by insect-resistant, genetically modified (IRGM) crops to provide guidance to regulatory agencies that are currently developing their own NTA risk assessment guidelines for IRGM crops. Expand
A Meta-Analysis of Effects of Bt Crops on Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
The results show that Bt Cry proteins used in genetically modified crops commercialized for control of lepidopteran and coleopteran pests do not negatively affect the survival of either honey bee larvae or adults in laboratory settings. Expand
Recommendations for the design of laboratory studies on non-target arthropods for risk assessment of genetically engineered plants
This paper provides recommendations on experimental design for early-tier laboratory studies used in risk assessments to evaluate potential adverse impacts of arthropod-resistant geneticallyExpand
The Impact of Bt Crops on the Developing World
Genetically modified (GM) plants are grown on more than 67 million hectares in 18 countries worldwide. A major trait used in GM crops is plant resistance to insects; this trait is based on several BtExpand
Biological effects of plant lectins on the cowpea weevil.
The results of this investigation indicate that there exists in C. maculatus physiological/biochemical systems vulnerable to selected plant lectins. Expand
Uptake, flow, and digestion of casein and green fluorescent protein in the digestive system of Lygus hesperus Knight.
Durations of passage and rates of absorption, digestion, and excretion were determined for a digestible protein, a non-digestible protein (casein), a green fluorescent protein, GFP, and aNon-Digestible carbohydrate (dextran) in the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight. Expand
Marine natural products as prototype agrochemical agents.
Several new classes of compounds have been shown to be insecticidal, herbicidal, and fungicidal, which suggests that marine natural products represent an intriguing source for the discovery of new agrochemical agents. Expand
Assessing the Risk to Nontarget Organisms from Bt Corn Resistant to Corn Rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): Tier-I Testing with Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae)
Findings from this study indicate that corn hybrids containing the MON 863 event have a minimum 10 times safety factor for nymphs of O. insidiosus and thus pose minimal risk to this beneficial insect. Expand
Moving Through the Tiered and Methodological Framework for Non-Target Arthropod Risk Assessment of Transgenic Insecticidal Crops
Transgenic insecticidal crops have the potential to pose risks to non-target organisms. These risks need to be addressed as part of the environmental risk assessment that precedes theExpand