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Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia
A tooth found in Denisova Cave carries a mitochondrial genome highly similar to that of the finger bone, further indicating that Denisovans have an evolutionary history distinct from Neanderthals and modern humans.
Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia
We present the high-quality genome sequence of a ∼45,000-year-old modern human male from Siberia. This individual derives from a population that lived before—or simultaneously with—the separation of
The origin of Neandertals
  • J. Hublin
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 22 September 2009
The term “Homo rhodesiensis” is proposed to be used to designate the large-brained hominins ancestral to H. sapiens in Africa and at the root of the Neandertals in Europe, and the term ‘Homo neanderthalensis’ to designate all of the specimens carrying derived metrical or non-metrical features used in the definition of the LP NeandERTals.
Neanderthals in central Asia and Siberia
To determine how far to the east Neanderthals ranged, mtDNA sequences from hominid remains found in Uzbekistan and in the Altai region of southern Siberia are determined and it is shown that the DNA sequences from these fossils fall within the European Neanderthal mtDNA variation.
New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens
A mosaic of features including facial, mandibular and dental morphology that aligns the Jebel Irhoud material with early or recent anatomically modern humans and more primitive neurocranial and endocranial morphology shows that the evolutionary processes behind the emergence of H. sapiens involved the whole African continent.
On the phylogenetic position of the pre-Neandertal specimen from Reilingen, Germany.
The morphology and cephalometric analysis support the assignment of this specimen to a Stage 2 "pre-Neandertal" group (e.g., Steinheim, Swanscombe, and Atapuerca [SH site]).
The bony labyrinth of Neanderthals.
Earliest evidence of modern human life history in North African early Homo sapiens
An application of x-ray synchrotron microtomography reveals that an early Homo sapiens juvenile from Morocco dated at 160,000 years before present displays an equivalent degree of tooth development to modern European children at the same age.