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Social relationships and health.
Experimental and quasi-experimental studies suggest that social isolation is a major risk factor for mortality from widely varying causes and the mechanisms through which social relationships affect health remain to be explored. Expand
Structures and Processes of Social Support
This chapter reviews the recent literature on social support and health and its relation to preexisting research and theory in the areas of social networks and social integration. We identify crucialExpand
The social stratification of aging and health.
It is shown that results previously reported for indices of SES hold separately for education and income and that the interaction between age and SES can be substantially explained by the greater exposure of lower SES persons to a wide range of psychosocial risk factors to health. Expand
Income inequality and mortality: importance to health of individual income, psychosocial environment, or material conditions
The literature was reviewed through traditional and electronic means and correlational analyses of gross domestic product and life expectancy and of income inequality and mortality trends based on data from the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and two British sources were supplemented. Expand
Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and mortality: results from a nationally representative prospective study of US adults.
Although reducing the prevalence of health risk behaviors in low-income populations is an important public health goal, socioeconomic differences in mortality are due to a wider array of factors and, therefore, would persist even with improved health behaviors among the disadvantaged. Expand
The effect of social relationships on psychological well-being: Are men and women really so different?
We assess evidence for gender differences across a range of relationships and consider whether the form and quality of these relationships affect the psychological functioning of men and womenExpand
Volunteering and mortality among older adults: findings from a national sample.
Volunteering has a protective effect on mortality among those who volunteered for one organization or for forty hours or less over the past year, and the protective effects of volunteering are strongest for respondents who report low levels of informal social interaction and who do not live alone. Expand
The association of social relationships and activities with mortality: prospective evidence from the Tecumseh Community Health Study.
Men reporting a higher levels of social relationships and activities in 1967-1969 were significantly less likely to die during the follow-up period and trends for women were similar, but generally nonsignificant once age and other risk factors were controlled. Expand