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Practice with Sleep Makes Perfect Sleep-Dependent Motor Skill Learning
Evidence is provided that a night of sleep results in a 20% increase in motor speed without loss of accuracy, while an equivalent period of time during wake provides no significant benefit.
Dissociable stages of human memory consolidation and reconsolidation
The unique contributions of wake and sleep in the development of different forms of consolidation are described, and it is shown that waking reactivation can turn a previously consolidated memory back into a labile state requiring subsequent reconsolidation.
The Neurobiology of Sleep: Genetics, cellular physiology and subcortical networks
To appreciate the neural underpinnings of sleep, it is important to view this universal mammalian behaviour at multiple levels of its biological organization. Molecularly, the circadian rhythm of
REM sleep and dreaming: towards a theory of protoconsciousness
  • J. Hobson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  • 1 November 2009
The theory advanced here emphasizes data that suggest that REM sleep may constitute a protoconscious state, providing a virtual reality model of the world that is of functional use to the development and maintenance of waking consciousness.
The Dreaming Brain
* Introduction: A Brain-Based Approach to Dreaming Early Dream Science * The Study of Dreaming in the Nineteenth Century * Psychoanalysis and Dreaming * Dream Investigation in the Early Twentieth
Visual discrimination learning requires sleep after training
Findings that subjects show no improvement when retested the same day as training demonstrates that sleep within 30 hours of training is absolutely required for improved performance.
Sleep cycle oscillation: reciprocal discharge by two brainstem neuronal groups.
During the sleep cycle in cats, neurons localized to the posterolateral pole of the nucleus locus coeruleus and the nucleus subcoeruleus undergo discharge rate changes that are the opposite of those
The cognitive neuroscience of sleep: neuronal systems, consciousness and learning
This work discusses neuronal-network and regional forebrain activity during sleep, and its consequences for consciousness and cognition, and indicates possible roles for sleep in neuroplasticity.
Sleep and the time course of motor skill learning.
It is demonstrated that following initial training, small practice-dependent improvements are possible before, but not following the large practice-independent gains that develop across a night of sleep, suggesting the existence of two discrete motor-learning processes.
Neuronal excitability modulation over the sleep cycle: a structural and mathematical model.
The time course of activity predicted by the model is in good agreement with actual long-term recordings of FTG cells and single-cycle data for LC cells.