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Rapid Range Shifts of Species Associated with High Levels of Climate Warming
A meta-analysis shows that species are shifting their distributions in response to climate change at an accelerating rate, and that the range shift of each species depends on multiple internal species traits and external drivers of change.
Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Mean global temperatures have risen this century, and further warming is predicted to continue for the next 50–100 years. Some migratory species can respond rapidly to yearly climate variation by…
The distributions of a wide range of taxonomic groups are expanding polewards
It is shown that a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species have moved northwards and uphill in Britain over approximately 25 years, mirroring, and in some cases exceeding, the responses of better‐known groups.
A northward shift of range margins in British Odonata
Evidence is presented for 37 species of nonmigratory British dragonflies and damselflies shifting northwards at their range margins over the past 40 years, seemingly as a result of climate change.
Habitat microclimates drive fine‐scale variation in extreme temperatures
Most multicellular terrestrial organisms experience climate at scales of millimetres to metres, yet most species-climate associations are analysed at resolutions of kilometres or more. Because…
Elevation increases in moth assemblages over 42 years on a tropical mountain
- I. Chen, Hau-Jie Shiu, C. Thomas
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 3 February 2009
Evidence that tropical insect species have already undertaken altitude increases is provided, confirming the global reach of climate change impacts on biodiversity and urging ecologists to seek other historic tropical samples to carry out similar repeat surveys.
Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas
These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines.
The high value of logged tropical forests: lessons from northern Borneo
The carbon storage and conservation value of old-growth tropical forests is clear, but the value of logged forest is less certain. Here we analyse >100,000 observations of individuals from 11…
Ecology of butterflies in natural and selectively logged forests of northern Borneo: the importance of habitat heterogeneity
1. The impacts of habitat disturbance on biodiversity within tropical forests are an area of current concern but are poorly understood and difficult to predict. This is due in part to a poor…
Climate change and evolutionary adaptations at species' range margins.
During recent climate warming, many insect species have shifted their ranges to higher latitudes and altitudes. These expansions mirror those that occurred after the Last Glacial Maximum when species…