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Identifying the Role of Cognitive Ability in Explaining the Level of and Change in the Return to Schooling
This paper considers two problems that arise in determining the role of cognitive ability in explaining the level of and change in the rate of return to schooling. The first problem is that ability
Accounting for Dropouts in Evaluations of Social Programs
This paper explores issues that arise in the evaluation of social programs using experimental data in the frequently encountered case where some of the experimental treatment group members drop out
This work embeds Haavelmo’s framework into the recursive framework of Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAGs) commonly used in the literature of causality and discusses the limitations of methods that solely use the information expressed in DAGs for the identification of economic models.
Simple Estimators for Treatment Parameters in a Latent-Variable Framework
This note derives simply computed closed-form expressions for the average treatment effect, the effect of treatment on the treated, the local average treatment effect, and the marginal treatment
The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets
G overnments introduce labor market regulations with the stated objective of improving workers’ welfare. Mandated benefits and social security programs improve workers’ income security in case of
Decomposing Trends in Inequality in Earnings into Forecastable and Uncertain Components
Using data on two cohorts of American males, it is found that a large component of the rise in inequality for less skilled workers is due to uncertainty and for skilled workers, the rise is less pronounced.
On Policies to Reward the Value Added by Educators
One current educational reform seeks to reward the value added by teachers and schools based on the average change in pupil test scores over time. In this paper, we outline the conditions under which
The Community Relationships of an Industrial Plant
W XHIITE a general appreciation of the fact has been slow in reaching many industrial managers, it is scarcely open to argument that one of the greatest, if not the greatest, assets of any industry