Factors Affecting Running Economy in Trained Distance Runners
There is a strong association between RE and distance running performance, with RE being a better predictor of performance than maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) in elite runners who have a similar V̇ O2max.
Reliability of Power in Physical Performance Tests
The most reliable measures of power and the factors affecting reliability are identified to help exercise practitioners and researchers select or design good measures and protocols for tests of physical performance.
Carbohydrates for training and competition
Whether implementing additional “train-low” strategies to increase the training adaptation leads to enhanced performance in well-trained individuals is unclear.
Physiological adaptations to low‐volume, high‐intensity interval training in health and disease
Some of the mechanisms responsible for improved skeletal muscle metabolic control and changes in cardiovascular function in response to low‐ volume HIT are reviewed and insight is provided on the utility of low‐volume HIT for improving performance in athletes.
The Molecular Bases of Training Adaptation
The effects of exercise on molecular and genetic mechanisms of training adaptation in skeletal muscle are highlighted to improve understanding of the aetiology of disease, maintenance of metabolic and functional capacity with aging, and training for athletic performance.
Design and analysis of research on sport performance enhancement.
Assessment of research aimed at measuring performance enhancements that affect success of individual elite athletes in competitive events found that estimates of enhancement of performance in laboratory or field tests in most previous studies may not apply to elite athletesIn competitive events.
Meteorin-like Is a Hormone that Regulates Immune-Adipose Interactions to Increase Beige Fat Thermogenesis
SHORT‐TERM PLYOMETRIC TRAINING IMPROVES RUNNING ECONOMY IN HIGHLY TRAINED MIDDLE AND LONG DISTANCE RUNNERS
- P. Saunders, R. Telford, J. Hawley
- MedicineJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
- 1 November 2006
In a group of highly-trained distance runners, 9 weeks of plyometric training improved RE, with likely mechanisms residing in the muscle, or alternatively by improving running mechanics, as a result of PLY.
Reliability and variability of running economy in elite distance runners.
- P. Saunders, D. Pyne, R. Telford, J. Hawley
- MedicineMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
- 1 November 2004
The results demonstrate that although the magnitude of the TE for a submaximal treadmill running protocol of three 4-min work efforts is small, it is three- to fourfold higher for Lac, and the RE test is useful in detecting changes attributable to training interventions.
Effect of different protocols of caffeine intake on metabolism and endurance performance.
Overall, 6 mg/kg caffeine enhanced TT performance independent of timing of intake and replacing sports drink with Coca-Cola during the latter stages of exercise was equally effective in enhancing endurance performance.