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Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification
TLDR
The species populating the vent sites comprise a suite of organisms that are resilient to naturally high concentrations of pCO2 and indicate that ocean acidification may benefit highly invasive non-native algal species.
Predicting global habitat suitability for stony corals on seamounts
TLDR
Two modelling approaches developed for presence-only data were used to predict global habitat suitability for seamount scleractinians: maximum entropy modelling (Maxent) and environmental niche factor analysis (ENFA).
Coral and mollusc resistance to ocean acidification adversely affected by warming
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are expected to decrease surface ocean pH by 0.3‐0.5 units by 2100 (refs 1,2), lowering the carbonate ion concentration of surface waters.
Effects of naturally acidified seawater on seagrass calcareous epibionts
TLDR
The response of calcareous seagrass epibionts to elevated CO2 partial pressure in aquaria and at a volcanic vent area where seagRass habitat has been exposed to high CO2 levels for decades are shown.
Effects of ocean acidification on invertebrate settlement at volcanic CO2 vents
TLDR
It is shown that increased levels of CO2 can profoundly affect the settlement of a wide range of benthic organisms and small crustaceans was able to settle and survive under these conditions.
Scallop dredging has profound, long-term impacts on maerl habitats
TLDR
The effects of Newhaven scallop dredges on a previously unfished maerl bed compared with the effects on similar grounds that have been fished commercially in the Clyde Sea area, Scotland are reported.
Subtle but significant effects of CO2 acidified seawater on embryos of the intertidal snail, Littorina obtusata.
TLDR
The effects of reduced pH seawater on aspects of the development, physiology and behaviour of encap- sulated embryos of the marine intertidal gastropod Littorina obtusata are shown.
Trawling damage to Northeast Atlantic ancient coral reefs
This contribution documents widespread trawling damage to cold–water coral reefs at 840–1300 m depth along the West Ireland continental shelf break and at 200 m off West Norway. These reefs are
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