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The glucagon-like peptides.
I. Introduction II. History of the Incretin Concept: Discovery of Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide III. Discovery of GLP-1 IV. Structures of GLPs and Family of Glucagon-Related Peptides V. TissueExpand
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CHOP, a novel developmentally regulated nuclear protein that dimerizes with transcription factors C/EBP and LAP and functions as a dominant-negative inhibitor of gene transcription.
We report on the identification of a nuclear protein that serves as a dominant-negative inhibitor of the transcription factors C/EBP and LAP. A 32P-labeled LAP DNA-binding and dimerization domainExpand
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Exendin-4 stimulates both beta-cell replication and neogenesis, resulting in increased beta-cell mass and improved glucose tolerance in diabetic rats.
Diabetes is a disease of increasing prevalence in the general population and of unknown cause. Diabetes is manifested as hyperglycemia due to a relative deficiency of the production of insulin by theExpand
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Pancreatic beta-cells are rendered glucose-competent by the insulinotropic hormone glucagon-like peptide-1(7-37)
NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT diabetes mellitus (NIDDM, type 2 diabetes) is a disorder of glucose homeostasis characterized by hyperglycaemia, peripheral insulin resistance, impaired hepatic glucoseExpand
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Glucagon-like peptide I stimulates insulin gene expression and increases cyclic AMP levels in a rat islet cell line.
Insulin secretion is controlled by a complex set of factors. Although blood glucose levels serve as the major stimulus of insulin secretion in mammals, insulin release is also modulated by aminoExpand
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Insulinotropin: glucagon-like peptide I (7-37) co-encoded in the glucagon gene is a potent stimulator of insulin release in the perfused rat pancreas.
Insulin secretion is controlled by a complex set of factors that include not only glucose but amino acids, catecholamines, and intestinal hormones. We report that a novel glucagon-like peptide,Expand
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Pancreatic agenesis attributable to a single nucleotide deletion in the human IPF1 gene coding sequence
The homeodomain protein IPF1 (also known as IDX1, STF1 and PDX1; see Methods) is critical for development of the pancreas in mice and is a key factor for the regulation of the insulin gene in theExpand
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Multipotential nestin-positive stem cells isolated from adult pancreatic islets differentiate ex vivo into pancreatic endocrine, exocrine, and hepatic phenotypes.
The endocrine cells of the rat pancreatic islets of Langerhans, including insulin-producing beta-cells, turn over every 40-50 days by processes of apoptosis and the proliferation and differentiationExpand
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Early-onset type-ll diabetes mellitus (MODY4) linked to IPF1
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Preproglucagon gene expression in pancreas and intestine diversifies at the level of post-translational processing.
Glucagon is a pancreatic hormone of 29 amino acids that regulates carbohydrate metabolism and glicentin is an intestinal peptide of 69 amino acids that contains the sequence of glucagon flanked byExpand
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