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World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated
The most frequently used climate classification map is that o f Wladimir Koppen, presented in its latest version 1961 by Rudolf Geiger. A huge number of climate studies and subsequent publicationsExpand
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Global review and synthesis of trends in observed terrestrial near-surface wind speeds; implications for evaporation
Summary In a globally warming climate, observed rates of atmospheric evaporative demand have declined over recent decades. Several recent studies have shown that declining rates of evaporative demandExpand
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Combined surface solar brightening and increasing greenhouse effect support recent intensification of the global land‐based hydrological cycle
[1] The surface net radiation (surface radiation balance) is the key driver behind the global hydrological cycle. Here we present a first-order trend estimate for the 15-year period 1986–2000, whichExpand
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Statistical Modeling of Tornado Intensity Distributions
We address the issue to determine an appropriate general functional shape of observed tornado intensity distributions. Recently, it was suggested that in the limit of long and large tornado records,Expand
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Tornadoes in Germany 1950–2003 and their relation to particular weather conditions
The objective of this statistical–climatological study is to identify characteristic weather situations in which tornadoes in Germany preferably occur. Tornado reports have been taken from theExpand
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Assessing a Tornado Climatology from Global Tornado Intensity Distributions
Recent work demonstrated that the shape of tornado intensity distributions from various regions worldwide is well described by Weibull functions. This statistical modeling revealed a strongExpand
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Calibration of the Hargreaves–Samani method for the calculation of reference evapotranspiration in different Köppen climate classes
The Penman–Monteith equation (FAO-56) is accepted as the standard model for estimating reference evapotranspiration (ETo). However, the major obstacle to using FAO-56 widely is that it requiresExpand
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New gridded maps of Koeppen's climate classification
In 1999, the FAO Environment and Natural Resources Service published some global climate grids, a map showing the Koeppen climate classification next to various derived products such as theExpand
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Parameterization of Spatio-temporal Patterns of Volcanic Aerosol Induced Stratospheric Optical Depth and its Climate Radiative Forcing
Explosive volcanism is known to have a large impact on climate. Thus, in order to understand past climate variability, volcanic forcing has to be considered. For the most recent explosive volcanicExpand
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Variability and Triggering Factors of Observed Global Mean Land-Surface Precipitation since 1951
Precipitation is a major branch of the global water cycle. All water evaporated from theearth’s surface is to fall down on earth sooner or later. Evaporation itself is directly lin-ked to the globalExpand
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