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The mechanical design of spider silks: from fibroin sequence to mechanical function.
- J. Gosline, P. A. Guerette, C. Ortlepp, K. Savage
- Chemistry, Medicine
- The Journal of experimental biology
- 1 December 1999
Spiders produce a variety of silks, and the cloning of genes for silk fibroins reveals a clear link between protein sequence and structure-property relationships. The fibroins produced in the… Expand
Mechanical Design in Organisms
Strategies for life in flow: tenacity, morphometry, and probability of dislodgment of two Mytilus species
The attachment strength of sessile intertidal organisms is continuously challenged by the hydrodynamic forces generated by breaking waves This study explores mechanisn~s by whlch the attachment… Expand
Elastic proteins: biological roles and mechanical properties.
- J. Gosline, M. Lillie, Emily Carrington, Paul A. Guerette, C. Ortlepp, K. Savage
- Materials Science, Medicine
- Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society…
- 28 February 2002
The term 'elastic protein' applies to many structural proteins with diverse functions and mechanical properties so there is room for confusion about its meaning. Elastic implies the property of… Expand
Silk Properties Determined by Gland-Specific Expression of a Spider Fibroin Gene Family
Spiders produce a variety of silks that range from Lycra-like elastic fibers to Kevlar-like superfibers. A gene family from the spider Araneus diadematus was found to encode silk-forming proteins… Expand
The structure and properties of spider silk
Abstract Silks from the spider's orb-web are amongst the very best structural materials produced by nature: spiders can produce a large aerial filter from a minimal amount of material. By studying… Expand
Functional design of horse hoof keratin: the modulation of mechanical properties through hydration effects.
Tensile moduli and J-integral fracture toughness values were determined for horse hoof-wall keratin at four hydration levels. The stiffness of hoof-wall was influenced by water content to a greater… Expand
Recombinant human elastin polypeptides self‐assemble into biomaterials with elastin‐like properties
Processes involving self‐assembly of monomeric units into organized polymeric arrays are currently the subject of much attention, particularly in the areas of nanotechnology and biomaterials. One… Expand
Elastin as a random‐network elastomer: A mechanical and optical analysis of single elastin fibers
The physical properties of single, 5–8‐μm diameter, water‐swollen elastin fibers have been investigated on a microtest apparatus attached to a polarizing microscope. Analysis of the mechanical and… Expand
The role of elastic energy storage mechanisms in swimming: an analysis of mantle elasticity in escape jetting in the squid, Loligo opalescens
Elastic energy storage mechanisms have been shown to improve locomotory performance and efficiency in many animals. In this paper we consider the role of elastic energy storage in jet locomotion of… Expand