• Publications
  • Influence
Design Prototypes: A Knowledge Representation Schema for Design
  • J. Gero
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • AI Mag.
  • 1 October 1990
A knowledge representation schema for design called design prototypes is introduced and described to provide a suitable framework to distinguish routine, innovative, and creative design. Expand
The Situated Function - Behaviour - Structure Framework
This paper describes this concept as a recursive interrelationship between different environments, which, together with a model of constructive memory, provides the foundation of a situated FBS framework. Expand
Macroscopic analysis of design processes based on a scheme for coding designers' cognitive actions
A new scheme for coding designers' cognitive actions from video/audio design protocols is devised, finding that design actions are definable in a systematic way using the vocabulary of the scheme, and thus a designer's cognitive behaviours in each of local design stages is represented as a structure composed of defined primitive actions. Expand
Creativity, emergence and evolution in design
  • J. Gero
  • Computer Science
  • Knowl. Based Syst.
  • 1 November 1996
Frameworks for both representation and process for a computational model of creative design are presented; the representational framework is based on design prototypes whilst the process framework isbased on an evolutionary model. Expand
Design and other types of fixation
The results of a series of recent experiments are examined in terms of what insights they provide into the design process, what implications they have for design education and how they relate to the larger and more general area of human problem solving. Expand
Drawings and the design process
Three areas of research in cognitive psychology and cognitive science are reviewed, working memory, imagery reinterpretation and mental synthesis, and their implications for design research generally but with a particular emphasis on the role of sketching in design are examined. Expand
An approach to the analysis of design protocols
Abstract Little research has been done on how designers actually design. Much of design research is concerned with computer-based models or is based on anecdotal evidence of the design process. ThisExpand
Unexpected discoveries and S-invention of design requirements
It is found that in about a half of a practising architect's entire design process there was bi-directional causality between unexpected discoveries and the invention of issues or requirements; not only did unexpected discoveries become the driving force for invention, but also the occurrence of invention tended to cause new unexpected discoveries. Expand
Computational Models of Innovative and Creative Design Processes
Abstract Computational support for designing began in the early 1960s, and has had a considerable influence. Only recently has there been the possibility of providing computational support forExpand
Function-behavior-structure paths and their role in analogy-based design
  • L. Qian, J. Gero
  • Computer Science
  • Artif. Intell. Eng. Des. Anal. Manuf.
  • 1 September 1996
By analyzing function representation in different design domains, from graphic design and industrial design to architectural and engineering device designs, it is found that although the focus of each kind of design is different, the function representation can be generalized into a small number of categories. Expand