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For better or for worse: neural systems supporting the cognitive down- and up-regulation of negative emotion
TLDR
Results suggest that both common and distinct neural systems support various forms of reappraisal and that which particular prefrontal systems modulate the amygdala in different ways depends on the regulatory goal and strategy employed. Expand
Rethinking Feelings: An fMRI Study of the Cognitive Regulation of Emotion
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging findings support the hypothesis that prefrontal cortex is involved in constructing reappraisal strategies that can modulate activity in multiple emotion-processing systems. Expand
Functional Specialization for Semantic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging results suggest that a distinct region in the left inferior frontal cortex is involved in semantic processing, whereas other regions may subserve phonological processes engaged during both semantic and phonological tasks. Expand
Hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity of the default network in schizophrenia and in first-degree relatives of persons with schizophrenia
TLDR
Among patients, the magnitude of MPFC task suppression negatively correlated with default connectivity, suggesting an association between the hyperactivation and hyperconnectivity in schizophrenia. Expand
Dissociated neural representations of intensity and valence in human olfaction
TLDR
Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), it is found amygdala activation to be associated with intensity, and not valence, of odors, suggesting that the affective representations of intensity and valence draw upon dissociable neural substrates. Expand
Neural Systems Underlying the Suppression of Unwanted Memories
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to identify the neural systems involved in keeping unwanted memories out of awareness and establish a neurobiological model for guiding inquiry into motivated forgetting. Expand
Reward-Motivated Learning: Mesolimbic Activation Precedes Memory Formation
TLDR
It is demonstrated that brain activation preceding stimulus encoding can predict declarative memory formation, consistent with the hypothesis that reward motivation promotes memory formation via dopamine release in the hippocampus prior to learning. Expand
Insights into the ageing mind: a view from cognitive neuroscience
TLDR
Much remains unknown about how normal ageing affects the neural basis of cognition, but recent research on individual differences in the trajectory of ageing effects is helping to distinguish normal from pathological origins of age-related cognitive changes. Expand
Selective effects of methylphenidate in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a functional magnetic resonance study.
TLDR
The results suggest that ADHD is characterized by atypical frontal-striatal function and that methylphenidate affects striatal activation differently in ADHD than in healthy children. Expand
Making memories: brain activity that predicts how well visual experience will be remembered.
TLDR
Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify specific brain activations that differentiated between visual experiences that were later remembered well, remembered less well, or forgotten. Expand
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