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Gene discovery and polygenic prediction from a genome-wide association study of educational attainment in 1.1 million individuals
TLDR
A joint (multi-phenotype) analysis of educational attainment and three related cognitive phenotypes generates polygenic scores that explain 11–13% of the variance ineducational attainment and 7–10% ofthe variance in cognitive performance, which substantially increases the utility ofpolygenic scores as tools in research.
The Promises and Pitfalls of Genoeconomics*
This article reviews existing research at the intersection of genetics and economics, presents some new findings that illustrate the state of genoeconomics research, and surveys the prospects of this
Variation in the Heritability of Educational Attainment: An International Meta-Analysis
To assess heterogeneity in the influence of genetic variation on educational attainment across environmental contexts, we present a meta-analysis of heritability estimates in fifteen samples and
The Generalizability of Survey Experiments*
Abstract Survey experiments have become a central methodology across the social sciences. Researchers can combine experiments’ causal power with the generalizability of population-based samples. Yet,
Most Reported Genetic Associations With General Intelligence Are Probably False Positives
TLDR
The molecular genetics of psychology and social science requires approaches that go beyond the examination of candidate genes, and SNP-based calculations of genetic relatedness are used to replicate previous estimates that about half of the variance in g is accounted for by common genetic variation among individuals.
When do older adults turn to the internet for health information? Findings from the wisconsin longitudinal study
TLDR
There are important differences in the timing of online health information searches by psychological and health characteristics among older adults with internet access.
Nature, Nurture, Neither, Nor: Black-White Differences in Beliefs about the Causes and Appropriate Treatment of Mental Illness
We use the 1996 General Social Survey (GSS) to explore racial differences in perceptions of the etiology and treatment of mental illness. We find that African Americans are more likely than whites to
Toward Some Fundamentals of Fundamental Causality: Socioeconomic Status and Health in the Routine Clinic Visit for Diabetes1
TLDR
The authors provide an exposition of the constituent claims implied by an assertion of fundamental causality, and show how ethnographic data can be used to explicate such claims by showing some of the mechanisms that might operate to preserve the fundamental relationship in diabetes treatment regimens.
Genetic analysis of social-class mobility in five longitudinal studies
TLDR
It was found that people with more education- linked genetics were more successful compared with parents and siblings, and mothers’ education-linked genetics predicted their children’s attainment over and above the children”s own genetics, indicating an environmentally mediated genetic effect.
The Demographic and Political Composition of Mechanical Turk Samples
One of the most notable recent developments in survey research is the increased usage of online convenience samples drawn from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk). While scholars have noted various
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