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Kepler Planet-Detection Mission: Introduction and First Results
The planetary findings derived from the first six weeks of observations with the Kepler mission are summarized, which include the detection of five new exoplanets, which confirm the existence of planets with densities substantially lower than those predicted for gas giant planets. Expand
Architecture and Dynamics of Kepler's Candidate Multiple Transiting Planet Systems
About one-third of the ~1200 transiting planet candidates detected in the first four months of Kepler data are members of multiple candidate systems. There are 115 target stars with two candidateExpand
Characteristics of planetary candidates observed by Kepler, II: Analysis of the first four months of data
On 2011 February 1 the Kepler mission released data for 156,453 stars observed from the beginning of the science observations on 2009 May 2 through September 16. There are 1235 planetary candidatesExpand
A closely packed system of low-mass, low-density planets transiting Kepler-11
Kepler spacecraft observations of a single Sun-like star are reported that reveal six transiting planets, five with orbital periods between 10 and 47 days and a sixth planet with a longer period, among the smallest for which mass and size have both been measured. Expand
A map of the day–night contrast of the extrasolar planet HD 189733b
Observations of HD 189733, the closest of these eclipsing planetary systems, over half an orbital period are reported, from which a ‘map’ of the distribution of temperatures is constructed, indicating that energy from the irradiated dayside is efficiently redistributed throughout the atmosphere. Expand
Transiting planet surveys like Kepler have provided a wealth of information on the distribution of planetary radii, particularly for the new populations of super-Earth- and sub-Neptune-sized planets.Expand
A Unified Theory for the Atmospheres of the Hot and Very Hot Jupiters: Two Classes of Irradiated Atmospheres
We highlight the potential importance of gaseous TiO and VO opacity on the highly irradiated close-in giant planets. The atmospheres of these planets naturally fall in to two classes that areExpand
Planet Occurrence within 0.25 AU of Solar-Type Stars from Kepler
We report the distribution of planets as a function of planet radius, orbital period, and stellar effective temperature for orbital periods less than 50 days around solar-type (GK) stars. TheseExpand
Kepler-16: A Transiting Circumbinary Planet
The detection of a planet whose orbit surrounds a pair of low-mass stars, comparable to Saturn in mass and size and on a nearly circular 229-day orbit around its two parent stars, suggests that the planet formed within a circumbinary disk. Expand