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Planning in the Face of Power.
Abstract Information is a source of power in the planning process. This article begins by assessing five perspectives of the planner's use of information: those of the technician, the incremental
The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes
Citizen participation in such complex issues as the quality of the environment, neighborhood housing, urban design, and economic development often brings with it suspicion of government, anger
The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning
Public policy is made of language. Whether in written or oral form, argument is central to all parts of the policy process. As simple as this insight appears, its implications for policy analysis and
Critical Theory and Planning Practice
Abstract In planning practice, communication is political. When a community organization or a developer obtains information can be as important as what information is obtained. What planners do not
Dealing with Differences: Dramas of Mediating Public Disputes
Preface Introduction: Discovery, Creativity and Change in the Face of Conflict PART ONE: WHEN PARTIES CONFLICT, EXPECT THAT MORE'S POSSIBLE THAN ANYONE SAYS 1. Beyond Promises: Making Public
Bounded Rationality and the Politics of Muddling Through
What is rational for administrators to do depends on the situations in which they work. Pressed for quick recommendations, they cannot begin long studies. Faced with organizational rivalries,