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Brief interventions for alcohol problems: a meta-analytic review of controlled investigations in treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking populations.
This review summarizes additional positive evidence for brief interventions compared to control conditions typically delivered by health-care professionals to non-treatment-seeking samples and calculated the effect sizes for multiple drinking-related outcomes at multiple follow-up points.
Contingency management for treatment of substance use disorders: a meta-analysis.
Study findings suggest that CM is among the more effective approaches to promoting abstinence during the treatment of substance use disorders, thereby allowing clients to take fuller advantage of other clinical treatment components.
Meta-analysis of naltrexone and acamprosate for treating alcohol use disorders: when are these medications most helpful?
A meta-analysis examined when naltrexone and acamprosate are most helpful by testing the relative efficacy of each medication given its presumed mechanism of action and whether different ways of implementing each medication moderate its effects.
Six- and ten-item indexes of psychological distress based on the Symptom Checklist-90.
Development of 6- and 10-item indexes of psychological distress based on the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) are described, indicating the concise, easily administered indexes are valid indicators of Psychological distress.
Twelve-step and cognitive--behavioral treatment for substance abuse: a comparison of treatment effectiveness.
The comparative effectiveness of 12-step and cognitive-behavioral models of substance abuse treatment was examined among 3,018 patients from 15 programs at U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Centers, and the finding of equal effectiveness was consistent over several treatment subgroups.
The effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient treatment for alcohol abuse: the need to focus on mediators and moderators of setting effects.
When inpatient treatment was found to be more effective, outpatients did not receive a respite in the form of inpatient detoxification and the studies were slightly less likely to have social stability inclusion criteria and to use random assignment to treatment settings.
Sixand Ten-Item Indexes of Psychological Distress Based on the Symptom Checist-90
Clinicians, provider organizations, and researchers need simple and valid measures to monitor mental health treatment outcomes. This article describes development of 6and 10-item indexes of
Entering treatment for alcohol abuse: a stress and coping model.
It is suggested that perceived severity of drinking problem plays a central role in the treatment entry process and mediates the effects of many other intrapersonal and environmental variables in generating an impetus or readiness to seek treatment.
A comparative evaluation of substance abuse treatment: V. Substance abuse treatment can enhance the effectiveness of self-help groups.
12-Step oriented treatment programs enhance the effectiveness of 12-Step self-help groups, according to the results of a study of treated veterans.