• Publications
  • Influence
Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War
An influential conventional wisdom holds that civil wars proliferated rapidly with the end of the Cold War and that the root cause of many or most of these has been ethnic and religious antagonisms.Expand
Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country*
For their empirical evaluation, several active research programs in economics and political science require data on ethnic groups across countries. “Ethnic group,” however, is a slippery concept.Expand
Rationalist explanations for war
Realist and other scholars commonly hold that rationally led states can and sometimes do fight when no peaceful bargains exist that both would prefer to war. Against this view, I show that under veryExpand
Why Do Some Civil Wars Last So Much Longer than Others?
Five factors are shown to be strongly related to civil war duration. Civil wars emerging from coups or revolutions tend to be short. Civil wars in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have alsoExpand
DOMESTIC POLITICAL AUDIENCES AND THE ESCALATION OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES
International crises are modeled as a political “war of attrition†in which state leaders choose at each moment whether to attack, back down, or escalate. A leader who backs down suffers audienceExpand
Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War
Collier and Hoeffler reported that countries with a higher percentage of national income from primary commodity exports have been more prone to civil war, an interesting finding that has receivedExpand
Democracy, Accountability, and Representation: Electoral Accountability and the Control of Politicians: Selecting Good Types versus Sanctioning Poor Performance
The concept of accountability is not by itself problematic, or at least it should not be. We say that one person, A , is accountable to another, B , if two conditions are met. First, there is anExpand
Explaining Interethnic Cooperation
Though both journalists and the academic literature on ethnic conflict give the opposite impression, peaceful and even cooperative relations between ethnic groups are far more common than isExpand
Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation
Neoliberals and their neorealist critics have debated the relative importance of two main obstacles to international cooperation—problems of cheating and enforcement and problems of relative gains.Expand
Signaling Foreign Policy Interests
The author distinguishes between two types of costly signals that state leaders might employ in trying to credibly communicate their foreign policy interests to other states, whether in the realm ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...