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The Physiology of Synapses
- J. Eccles
- BiologySpringer Berlin Heidelberg
This chapter discusses the development of ideas on the synapse, the ionic mechanism generating the inhibitory postsynaptic potential, and the trophic and plastic properties of synapses.
Cholinergic and inhibitory synapses in a pathway from motor‐axon collaterals to motoneurones
The convergence of monosynaptic excitatory afferents on to many different species of alpha motoneurones
The excitatory synaptic action of climbing fibres on the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum
Investigation of this synaptic mechanism in the cerebellum of the cat has been based on the discovery by Szentagothai & Rajkovits (1959) that the climbing fibres have their cells of origin in the contralateral inferior olive.
Pharmacological studies on presynaptic inhibition
Physiological investigations on presynaptic inhibition have led to the hypothesis that it is effected by chemically transmitting synapses that impinge on the terminal knobs of excitatory synapses and exert a depolarizing action thereon.
Synaptic actions on motoneurones caused by impulses in Golgi tendon organ afferents
The specific ionic conductances and the ionic movements across the motoneuronal membrane that produce the inhibitory post‐synaptic potential
The interpretation of spike potentials of motoneurones
Parallel fibre stimulation and the responses induced thereby in the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum
Investigations by microelectrode recording established that this wave is produced by impulses propagating for at least 3 mm and at about 0.3 m/sec along a narrow superficial band or “beam” of parallel fibres, and there was an absolutely refractory period of less than 1 msec and impulse annihilation by collision.
Interactions between motoneurones and muscles in respect of the characteristic speeds of their responses
An analytic investigation into the influence of nerve on muscle has been accomplished by dividing and cross-uniting nerves to fast and slow muscles, so that motoneurones formerly innervating the fast muscle come to innervate the slow muscle by virtue of the regenerative outgrowth of their fibres.