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Gross changes in reconstructions of historic land cover/use for Europe between 1900 and 2010
TLDR
This study empirically analyzed available historic land-change data, quantified their uncertainty, corrected for spatial-temporal effects and identified underlying processes causing differences between gross and net changes, and created a land- change reconstruction that only accounted for net changes for comparison.
Rarity and Incomplete Sampling in DNA-Based Species Delimitation.
TLDR
DNA-based species delimitation may be compromised by limited sampling effort and species rarity, including "singleton" representatives of species, which hampers estimates of intra- versus interspecies evolutionary processes, and low sampling may be compensated for by "clade addition" of lineages outside of the focal group.
Comparison of Satellite-Derived Land Surface Temperature and Air Temperature from Meteorological Stations on the Pan-Arctic Scale
TLDR
The time series of (A)ATSR is highly variable, whereas inconsistencies in land surface temperature data from AVHRR have been found, and MODIS has been identified as having the highest agreement in comparison to air temperature records.
Multi-Modal and Multi-Temporal Data Fusion: Outcome of the 2012 GRSS Data Fusion Contest
TLDR
Three awarded research contributions investigate a new metric to assess urban density (UD) from multi-spectral and LiDAR data, and simulation-based techniques to jointly use SAR and Li DAR data for image interpretation and change detection and radiosity methods to improve surface reflectance retrievals of optical data in complex illumination environments.
Pan-Arctic Climate and Land Cover Trends Derived from Multi-Variate and Multi-Scale Analyses (1981-2012)
TLDR
The observed co-occurrence of climatic and ecosystem changes is an example of the multi-scale feedbacks in the arctic ecosystems.
Detecting immediate wildfire impact on runoff in a poorly-gauged mountainous permafrost basin
Abstract The impact of fire on daily discharges from two mountainous basins located in the permafrost region of Eastern Siberia, the Vitimkan (969 km2) and Vitim (18 200 km2) rivers, affected by fire
Bayesian species delimitation in Pleophylla chafers (Coleoptera) – the importance of prior choice and morphology
TLDR
This study investigates the South African scarab beetle genus Pleophylla and demonstrates that continuous morphological trait data can be extremely valuable in assessing competing hypotheses to species delimitation, and shows that the inclusion of morphological data in an integrative Bayesian framework can improve the resolution of inferred species units.
The phylogeny of pholcid spiders: a critical evaluation of relationships suggested by molecular data (Araneae, Pholcidae)
TLDR
An effort to critically evaluate the implications of this phylogeny for pholcid systematics, which largely support the division of Pholcidae into five subfamilies and proposes many taxonomic changes suggested by the data.
A historical biogeography of megadiverse Sericini—another story “out of Africa”?
TLDR
The historical biogeography of Sericini, a tribe of melolonthine scarabs comprising about 4000 species, was investigated using the most comprehensive and time‐calibrated molecular phylogeny available today.
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