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Estimating the Global Burden of Endemic Canine Rabies
Investment in dog vaccination, the single most effective way of reducing the disease burden, has been inadequate and that the availability and affordability of PEP needs improving, demonstrating that collaboration by medical and veterinary sectors could dramatically reduce the current large, and unnecessary, burden of rabies on affected communities.
Native bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses.
It is predicted that in the region native bees will buffer potential declines in agricultural production because of honey bee losses, and empirical total pollen deposition at flowers was strongly, significantly correlated with native bee visitation but not with honey bee visitation.
Transmission Dynamics and Prospects for the Elimination of Canine Rabies
It is found that the basic reproductive number for rabies, R0, is very low in the study area in rural Africa and throughout its historic global range, which provides strong support for the feasibility of controlling endemic canine rabies by vaccination by vaccination.
Phenotypic diversity and ecosystem functioning in changing environments: A theoretical framework
- J. Norberg, D. Swaney, J. Dushoff, Juan Lin, R. Casagrandi, S. Levin
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 4 September 2001
It is suggested that approaches developed for quantitative genetics can be extended to ecosystem functioning by modeling the means and variances of phenotypes within a group of species, and that phenotypic variance within functional groups is linearly related to their ability to respond to environmental changes.
Increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection associated with emergence of the Omicron variant in South Africa
Analysis of routine surveillance data from South Africa suggests that, in contrast to the Beta and Delta, the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 demonstrates substantial population-level evidence for evasion of immunity from prior infection.
Dynamical resonance can account for seasonality of influenza epidemics.
- J. Dushoff, J. Plotkin, S. Levin, D. Earn
- MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 30 November 2004
It is shown that the large oscillations in incidence may be caused by undetectably small seasonal changes in the influenza transmission rate that are amplified by dynamical resonance.
The entomological inoculation rate and Plasmodium falciparum infection in African children
Strong evidence is found that heterogeneous biting or heterogeneous susceptibility to infection are important and pervasive factors determining the prevalence of infection: 20% of people receive 80% of all infections.
Correction: Estimating the Global Burden of Endemic Canine Rabies
There are a number of errors in Table 3. The table legend should read: Breakdown of economic costs of rabies by cluster in millions of USD. The headings for columns six, seven, and eight are…
Network metrics reveal differences in social organization between two fission–fusion species, Grevy’s zebra and onager
The current approach demonstrates the utility of network metrics for identifying fine-grained variation among individuals and populations in association patterns and can make testable predictions about behavioral mechanisms underlying social structure and its effects on transmission processes.
Synchronous cycles of domestic dog rabies in sub-Saharan Africa and the impact of control efforts
- K. Hampson, J. Dushoff, J. Bingham, G. Brückner, Y. H. Ali, A. Dobson
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 1 May 2007
It is demonstrated that rabies epidemics in southern and eastern Africa cycle with a period of 3–6 years and show significant synchrony across the region and it is suggested that movement of infectious or latent animals combined with coordinated control responses may be important in coupling populations and generating synchrony at the continental scale.