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The clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis: clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
Evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with Lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis (formerly known as human granulocytic ehrlichiosis), and babesiosis were prepared by anExpand
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Reorganization of genera in the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in the order Rickettsiales: unification of some species of Ehrlichia with Anaplasma, Cowdria with Ehrlichia and Ehrlichia
The genera Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Cowdria, Neorickettsia and Wolbachia encompass a group of obligate intracellular bacteria that reside in vacuoles of eukaryotic cells and were previously placed inExpand
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Identification of a granulocytotropic Ehrlichia species as the etiologic agent of human disease.
Six patients from northern Minnesota and Wisconsin with a febrile illness accompanied by granulocytic cytoplasmic morulae suggestive of ehrlichial infection were identified. Two patients died, andExpand
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Clinical and laboratory characteristics of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis.
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical and laboratory features observed in patients with human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) and evaluate the utility of the diagnostic tools used to confirm theExpand
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Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum
Understanding how Anaplasma phagocytophilum alters neutrophils will improve diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of this severe illness.
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Identification of a novel rickettsial infection in a patient diagnosed with murine typhus.
Identification of ELB agent-infected fleas and rodents within several foci of murine typhus in the United States has prompted a retrospective investigation for this agent among human murine typhusExpand
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Human disease in Europe caused by a granulocytic Ehrlichia species.
Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) was recently described in North America. It is caused by an Ehrlichia species closely related to Ehrlichia phagocytophila and Ehrlichia equi, recognized toExpand
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Gene Sequence-Based Criteria for Identification of New Rickettsia Isolates and Description of Rickettsia heilongjiangensis sp. nov
ABSTRACT We propose genetic guidelines for the classification of rickettsial isolates at the genus, group, and species levels by using sequences of the 16S rRNA (rrs) gene and four protein-codingExpand
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Ehrlichioses in humans: epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment.
Human ehrlichioses are emerging tickborne infections. "Human ehrlichiosis" describes infections with at least 5 separate obligate intracellular bacteria in 3 genera in the family Anaplasmataceae.Expand
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Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in the upper Midwest United States. A new species emerging?
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical presentation and course, laboratory findings, and treatment outcome of 12 patients with human granulocytic ehrlichiosis. SETTING The 12 patients were male,Expand
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