• Publications
  • Influence
Framing Theory
■ Abstract We review the meaning of the concept of framing, approaches to studying framing, and the effects of framing on public opinion. After defining framing and framing effects, we articulate aExpand
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The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence
Social scientists have documented framing effects in a wide range of contexts, including surveys, experiments, and actual political campaigns. Many view work on framing effects as evidence of citizenExpand
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A Theory of Framing and Opinion Formation in Competitive Elite Environments
Public opinion often depends on how elites choose to frame issues. For example, citizens’ opinions about a Ku Klux Klan rally may depend on whether elites frame the event as a free-speech issue or aExpand
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On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame?
  • J. Druckman
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Politics
  • 1 November 2001
Public opinion often depends on which frames elites choose to use. For example, citizens' opinions about a Ku Klux Klan rally may depend on whether elites frame it as a free speech issue or a publicExpand
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Framing Public Opinion in Competitive Democracies
What is the effect of democratic competition on the power of elites to frame public opinion? We address this issue first by defining the range of competitive contexts that might surround any debateExpand
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Framing and Deliberation: How Citizens' Conversations Limit Elite Influence
Public opinion research demonstrates that citizens' opinions depend on elite rhetoric and interpersonal conversations. Yet, we continue to have little idea about how these two forces interact withExpand
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Political Preference Formation: Competition, Deliberation, and the (Ir)relevance of Framing Effects
  • J. Druckman
  • Psychology
  • American Political Science Review
  • 1 November 2004
One of the most contested questions in the social sciences is whether people behave rationally. A large body of work assumes that individuals do in fact make rational economic, political, and socialExpand
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How Elite Partisan Polarization Affects Public Opinion Formation
Competition is a defining element of democracy. One of the most noteworthy events over the last quarter-century in U.S. politics is the change in the nature of elite party competition: The partiesExpand
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The Generalizability of Survey Experiments
Survey experiments have become a central methodology across the social sciences. Researchers can combine experiments’ causal power with the generalizability of population-based samples. Yet, due toExpand
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Evaluating framing effects
Abstract This paper examines Tversky and Kahneman's well-known Asian disease framing problem (A. Tversky, D. Kahneman, Science 211 (1981) 453–458). I describe an experiment where respondents receivedExpand
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