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Ionic liquid‐mediated selective extraction of lignin from wood leading to enhanced enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis
TLDR
The ionic liquid, 1‐ethyl‐3‐methylimidazolium acetate ([Emim][CH3COO]), was used as a pretreatment solvent to extract lignin from wood flour, resulting in a highly concentrated solution of chemically unmodified lign in, which may serve as a valuable source of a polyaromatic material as a value‐added product. Expand
Silica nanoparticle size influences the structure and enzymatic activity of adsorbed lysozyme.
TLDR
The results indicate that the size of the nanoparticle, perhaps because of the contributions of surface curvature, influences adsorbed protein structure and function. Expand
Industrial biocatalysis today and tomorrow
TLDR
Biocatalytic processes can now be carried out in organic solvents as well as aqueous environments, so that apolar organic compounds aswell as water-soluble compounds can be modified selectively and efficiently with enzymes and bioc atalytically active cells. Expand
Facile pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass at high loadings in room temperature ionic liquids
TLDR
It is shown that acetate based ILs are effective in dramatically reducing the recalcitrance of corn stover toward enzymatic polysaccharide hydrolysis even at loadings of biomass as high as 50% by weight. Expand
Ionic liquid solvent properties as predictors of lignocellulose pretreatment efficacy
Effective pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass is vital to its bioconversion to a usable liquid fuel. A growing body of work has focused on using room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) to pretreatExpand
Bidirectional electromagnetic control of the hypothalamus regulates feeding and metabolism
TLDR
The results suggest that pancreatic hormones function as an effector mechanism of central nervous system circuits controlling blood glucose and behaviour and could be applied to study other neural processes or used to regulate other, even dispersed, cell types. Expand
Enzymatic catalysis in monophasic organic solvents
Enzymatic catalysis in nonaqueous media significantly extends conventional aqueous-based biocatalysis. Enzymes are active in organic solvents, supercritical fluids, and gaseous solvents. This paperExpand
Room temperature ionic liquids as emerging solvents for the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass
TLDR
The physicochemical properties of RTILs that make them effective solvents for lignocellulose pretreatment including mechanisms of interaction between lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose are summarized and some of the challenges that remain are addressed. Expand
Unusual Thermal Stability of Soybean Peroxidase
Soybean peroxidase (SBP) has an extremely high melting temperature of 90.5 °C at pH 8.0 in the presence of 1 mM CaCl2. The enzyme is substantially more thermostable than the peroxidases fromExpand
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