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Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon
Comparison of the sediment record with palaeo-climate records indicates that this variability was probably modulated by atmospheric dynamics associated with variations in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the strength of the West African monsoon, and suggests that sea surface temperatures as high as at present are not necessary to support intervals of frequent intense hurricanes.
Climate related sea-level variations over the past two millennia
- A. Kemp, B. Horton, J. Donnelly, M. Mann, M. Vermeer, S. Rahmstorf
- Environmental Science, GeographyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 20 June 2011
New sea-level reconstructions for the past 2100 y based on salt-marsh sedimentary sequences from the US Atlantic coast are presented and it is shown that these sea- level changes are consistent with global temperature for at least the past millennium.
Rapid shoreward encroachment of salt marsh cordgrass in response to accelerated sea-level rise
- J. Donnelly, M. Bertness
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 27 November 2001
Increased flooding associated with accelerating rates of sea-level rise has stressed high-marsh communities and promoted landward migration of cordgrass, suggesting that New England salt marsh communities dominated by cordgrass will likely drown if climate warming causes sea- level rise rates to increase significantly over the next century.
Coupling instrumental and geological records of sea‐level change: Evidence from southern New England of an increase in the rate of sea‐level rise in the late 19th century
We construct a high‐resolution relative sea‐level record for the past 700 years by dating basal salt‐marsh peat samples above a glacial erratic in an eastern Connecticut salt marsh, to test whether…
Atlantic hurricanes and climate over the past 1,500 years
The statistical model indicates that the medieval peak, which rivals or even exceeds (within uncertainties) recent levels of activity, results from the reinforcing effects of La-Niña-like climate conditions and relative tropical Atlantic warmth.
Young Danube delta documents stable Black Sea level since the middle Holocene: Morphodynamic, paleogeographic, and archaeological implications
New radiocarbon and optical dates show that the Holocene Danube delta started to build out of a Black Sea embayment 5200 yr ago. Delta lobe development phases differ by as much as 5 k.y. from…
Exploring typhoon variability over the mid-to-late Holocene: evidence of extreme coastal flooding from Kamikoshiki, Japan
Rapid sea-level rise and Holocene climate in the Chukchi Sea
- L. Keigwin, J. Donnelly, M. Cook, N. Driscoll, J. Brigham‐Grette
- Environmental Science, Geography
- 1 October 2006
Three new sediment cores from the Chukchi Sea preserve a record of local paleoenvironment, sedimentation, and flooding of the Chukchi Shelf (50 m) by glacial-eustatic sea-level rise. Radiocarbon…
Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era
- R. Kopp, A. Kemp, S. Rahmstorf
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 22 February 2016
This is the first, to the authors' knowledge, estimate of global sea-level (GSL) change over the last ∼3,000 years that is based upon statistical synthesis of a global database of regional sea- level reconstructions, and indicates that, without global warming, GSL in the 20th century very likely would have risen by between −3 cm and +7 cm, rather than the ∼14 cm observed.