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Using local anaesthetics to block neuronal activity and map specific learning tasks to the mushroom bodies of an insect brain
The formation of a stable olfactory memory requires activity within several brain regions. The honeybee provides a valuable model to map complex olfactory learning tasks onto certain brain areas. ToExpand
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Why Bees Are So Vulnerable to Environmental Stressors.
Bee populations are declining in the industrialized world, raising concerns for the sustainable pollination of crops. Pesticides, pollutants, parasites, diseases, and malnutrition have all beenExpand
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Experimental studies of adult Drosophila chemosensory behaviour
  • J. Devaud
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Behavioural Processes
  • 29 September 2003
Drosophila melanogaster is a powerful animal model to study the processes underlying behavioural responses to chemical cues. This paper provides a review of the important literature to present recentExpand
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Cyclic nucleotide-gated channels, calmodulin, adenylyl cyclase, and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II are required for late, but not early, long-term memory formation in the honeybee.
Memory is a dynamic process that allows encoding, storage, and retrieval of information acquired through individual experience. In the honeybee Apis mellifera, olfactory conditioning of the proboscisExpand
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Long-term memory shapes the primary olfactory center of an insect brain.
The storage of stable memories is generally considered to rely on changes in the functional properties and/or the synaptic connectivity of neural networks. However, these changes are not easilyExpand
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General Stress Responses in the Honey Bee
The biological concept of stress originated in mammals, where a “General Adaptation Syndrome” describes a set of common integrated physiological responses to diverse noxious agents. PhysiologicalExpand
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Long-Term Memory Leads to Synaptic Reorganization in the Mushroom Bodies: A Memory Trace in the Insect Brain?
The insect mushroom bodies (MBs) are paired brain centers which, like the mammalian hippocampus, have a prominent function in learning and memory. Despite convergent evidence for their crucial roleExpand
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Neural substrate for higher-order learning in an insect: Mushroom bodies are necessary for configural discriminations
Significance Mushroom bodies are prominent structures of the insect brain that have been associated with the storage and retrieval of elemental forms of memory. We took advantage of the uniqueExpand
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Brief sensory experience differentially affects the volume of olfactory brain centres in a moth
Experience modifies behaviour in animals so that they adapt to their environment. In male noctuid moths, Spodoptera littoralis, brief pre-exposure to various behaviourally relevant sensory signalsExpand
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A Switch from Cycloheximide-Resistant Consolidated Memory to Cycloheximide-Sensitive Reconsolidation and Extinction in Drosophila
It is generally accepted that, after learning, memories stabilize over time and integrate into long-term memory (LTM) through the process of consolidation, which depends on de novo protein synthesis.Expand
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