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Effect of the microbial lactase (EC 3.2.1.23) activity in yoghurt on the intestinal absorption of lactose: an in vivo study in lactase-deficient humans.
TLDR
Findings indicate that more than 90% of the lactose in yoghurt is digested in the small intestine of lactase-deficient subjects and suggest that both the lactase activity contained in the viable starter culture and a slow oro-caecal transit time are responsible for this excellent absorption. Expand
Effect of chronic ingestion of a fermented dairy product containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum on metabolic activities of the colonic flora in humans.
TLDR
Nine healthy volunteers were studied before, during, and after ingesting a fermented dairy product containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum, and mesophilic cultures for 3 wk to assess fermentation capacity of the colonic flora. Expand
Epithelial properties of human colonic carcinoma cell line Caco-2: electrical parameters.
TLDR
The epithelial properties of Caco-2 cells, which may resemble those of colonic crypt or fetal cells, are defined and it is suggested that dome cell micropuncture may be useful in investigating the functional properties of other dome-forming cell lines. Expand
Horseradish peroxidase transport across adult rabbit jejunum in vitro.
TLDR
The results fit the existence of at least two functional pathways for intestinal protein transport, the main route seems to involve endocytosis, with striking intracellular degradation, possibly during passage through the lysosomal system. Expand
Effect of Feeding Yogurt Versus Milk in Children With Acute Diarrhea and Carbohydrate Malabsorption
TLDR
Yogurt feeding is associated with a clinically relevant decrease in stool frequency and duration of diarrhea in children who have reducing sugars in stools, and can be equally well treated with feeding of either infant formula or yogurt. Expand
Fecal Microbial Community in Preterm Infants
TLDR
The composition of fecal microbial community in preterm infants from the colonization of sterile gut is described, the different factors that contribute to its alterations are presented, and the gut microflora to diseases such as NEC is linked. Expand
Mononuclear cells from infants allergic to cow's milk secrete tumor necrosis factor alpha, altering intestinal function.
TLDR
Results indicate that during CMA, the high level of TNF-alpha released by mononuclear cells after milk protein challenge acts synergistically with IFN-gamma to increase the intestinal permeability. Expand
Protein transport and processing by human HT29-19A intestinal cells: effect of interferon γ
TLDR
Intestinal cells are able to process HRP into peptides potentially capable of stimulating the immune system and IFNγ stimulates the transport and processing of HRP thus increasing the antigenic load in the intestinal mucosa. Expand
Effects on Faecal Microbiota of Dietary and Acidic Oligosaccharides in Children During Partial Formula Feeding
TLDR
Infant formulae appear to be clinically safe and effective on infant microbiota and minimize the alteration of faecal microbiota after cessation of breast-feeding and promote bifidobacteria proportions, with a stronger effect when acidic oligosaccharides are present. Expand
The effect of propane-diols on the intestinal uptake of nutrients and brush border membrane enzymes in the rat.
TLDR
The present work on rats indicates that PD may influence the intestinal digestive and absorptive functions in vivo and that this in vivo effect of PD is different from that observed in vitro suggesting that the nutritional and toxicological effect ofPD may be mediated by different mechanisms. Expand
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