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Guidelines for the ultrasound assessment of endothelial-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation of the brachial artery: a report of the International Brachial Artery Reactivity Task Force.
Endothelial function is thought to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, hypertension and heart failure. In the 1990s, high-frequency ultrasonographic imaging of the brachialExpand
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Acute Blood Pressure Lowering, Vasoprotective, and Antiplatelet Properties of Dietary Nitrate via Bioconversion to Nitrite
Diets rich in fruits and vegetables reduce blood pressure (BP) and the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. However, the mechanisms of this effect have not been elucidated. Certain vegetablesExpand
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Heterogenous Nature of Flow-Mediated Dilatation in Human Conduit Arteries In Vivo: Relevance to Endothelial Dysfunction in Hypercholesterolemia
Abstract — Flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of conduit arteries is dependent on an intact endothelium, although the mechanisms are not fully understood. Using high-resolution ultrasound, we examinedExpand
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Aging is associated with endothelial dysfunction in healthy men years before the age-related decline in women.
OBJECTIVES This study assessed whether aging is associated with progressive endothelial dysfunction, whether the pattern of any age-related decline in vascular health is different in men and womenExpand
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The Assessment of Endothelial Function: From Research Into Clinical Practice
The discovery of nitric oxide (NO) as a crucial endothelium-derived molecule for vascular relaxation and the recognition of the endothelium as more than a passive interface between blood and theExpand
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ESC Guidelines for the management of grown-up congenital heart disease (new version 2010).
Guidelines summarize and evaluate all currently available evidence on a particular issue with the aim of assisting physicians in selecting the best management strategies for an individual patient,Expand
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Ischemic preconditioning prevents endothelial injury and systemic neutrophil activation during ischemia-reperfusion in humans in vivo.
BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction leading to neutrophil infiltration of tissues has been implicated in tissue injury caused by ischemia-reperfusion (IR). Tissue injury during IR can be reduced byExpand
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Cigarette Smoking Is Associated With Dose‐Related and Potentially Reversible Impairment of Endothelium‐Dependent Dilation in Healthy Young Adults
BackgroundCigarette smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis. Endothelial dysfunction is an early event in atherogenesis, and we hypothesized that smoking might beExpand
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Exercise training enhances endothelial function in young men.
OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to assess whether exercise training can enhance endothelium-dependent dilatation in healthy young men. BACKGROUND Exercise has been shown to reduceExpand
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