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An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment
It is argued that moral dilemmas vary systematically in the extent to which they engage emotional processing and that these variations in emotional engagement influence moral judgment.
Bystander intervention in emergencies: diffusion of responsibility.
This experiment suggests that the explanation for bystander inaction in real-life emergencies may lie more in the bystander's response to other observers than in his indifference to the victim.
Why do we punish? Deterrence and just deserts as motives for punishment.
The authors examined the motivation underlying laypeople's use of punishment for prototypical wrongs, and revealed that despite strongly stated preferences for deterrence theory, individual sentencing decisions seemed driven exclusively by just deserts concerns.
Group inhibition of bystander intervention in emergencies.
Male undergraduates found themselves in a smoke-filling room either alone, with 2 nonreacting others, or in groups of 3. As predicted, Ss were less likely to report the smoke when in the presence of
Stereotype Threat Effects on Black and White Athletic Performance
Two experiments showed that framing an athletic task as diagnostic of negative racial stereotypes about Black or White athletes can impede their performance in sports. In Experiment 1, Black
A hypothesis-confirming bias in labeling effects.
The present study examines the process leading to the confirmation of a perceiver's expectancies about another when the social label that created the expectancy provides poor or tentative evidence
The Psychology of Compensatory and Retributive Justice
The moral outrage felt by those who witness transgressions is a product of both cognitive interpretations of the event and emotional reactions to it, and theory about the exact nature of the emotional reactions is considered.
"From Jerusalem to Jericho": A study of situational and dispositional variables in helping behavior.
The influence of several situational and personality variables on helping behavior was examined in an emergency situation suggested by the parable of the Good Samaritan. People going between two