• Publications
  • Influence
Scientific Explanation And The Sense Of Understanding*
Scientists and laypeople alike use the sense of understanding that an explanation conveys as a cue to good or correct explanation. Although the occurrence of this sense or feeling of understanding isExpand
Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment
Bishop and Trout here present a unique and provocative new approach to epistemology (the theory of human knowledge and reasoning). Their approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholasticExpand
Universals and Cultural Differences in Recognizing Emotions
Moving beyond the earlier nature-versus-nurture debate, modern work on the communication of emotion has incorporated both universals and cultural differences. Classic research demonstrated that theExpand
Paternalism and Cognitive Bias
Humans are hobbled by costly and stubborn biases of reason and emotion. We severely underestimate our health risks and discount the future value of resources. These biases of reason and emotion areExpand
The biological basis of speech: what to infer from talking to the animals.
  • J. D. Trout
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
  • 1 July 2001
The author argues that the auditorist's refutation project must demonstrate not just cross-species isomorphisms of behavior but also either a common biological mechanism or common functional organization, as well as respect for the total available evidence which undermines auditorism and bolsters SiS. Expand
The Psychology of Scientific Explanation
Philosophers agree that scientific explanations aim to produce understanding, and that good ones succeed in this aim. But few seriously consider what understanding is, or what the cues are when weExpand
50 Years of Successful Predictive Modeling Should Be Enough: Lessons for Philosophy of Science
It is argued that the success of SPRs forces us to reconsider their views about what is involved in understanding, explanation, good reasoning, and about how the authors ought to do philosophy of science. Expand
Auditory and Visual Influences on Phonemic Restoration
The results support the predictions of an interactive-activation model, combining both top-down and bottom-up factors, and suggest that visual information appears to reduce the bias to report an item as intact. Expand
Seduction without cause: uncovering explanatory neurophilia
  • J. D. Trout
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 1 August 2008
The part that 'placebic' information might play in producing a potentially misleading sense of intellectual fluency and, consequently, an unreliable sense of understanding is discussed. Expand