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The anatomy of phonological and semantic processing in normal subjects.
Brain activation was assessed in the temporal, parietal and frontal multi-modal association areas that constitute parts of a large network that represent the specific anatomic substrate of the lexico-semantic processing of language. Expand
Dyslexia: Cultural Diversity and Biological Unity
It is concluded that there is a universal neurocognitive basis for dyslexia and that differences in reading performance among dyslexics of different countries are due to different orthographies. Expand
Predictors of developmental dyslexia in European orthographies with varying complexity.
Phoneme deletion and RAN were strong concurrent predictors of developmental dyslexia, while verbal ST/WM and general verbal abilities played a comparatively minor role, demonstrating how orthographic complexity exacerbates some symptoms of Dyslexia. Expand
Cognitive mechanisms underlying reading and spelling development in five European orthographies
This paper addresses the question whether the cognitive underpinnings of reading and spelling are universal or language/orthography-specific. We analyzed concurrent predictions of phonologicalExpand
Brain abnormalities underlying altered activation in dyslexia: a voxel based morphometry study.
Evidence is provided that altered activation observed within the reading system is associated with altered density of grey and white matter of specific brain regions, such as the left middle and inferior temporal gyri and the left arcuate fasciculus, which supports the view that dyslexia isassociated with both local grey matter dysfunction and with altered connectivity among phonological/reading areas. Expand
The “handwriting brain”: A meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies of motor versus orthographic processes
This meta-analysis provides a description of the cerebral network of handwriting as revealed by various types of neuroimaging experiments and confirms the crucial involvement of the left frontal and superior parietal regions. Expand
Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease using cortical thickness: impact of cognitive reserve
Using a normalized thickness index-based criterion may help with early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease at the individual level, especially for highly educated subjects, up to 24 months before clinical criteria for Alzheimer's Disease diagnosis are met. Expand
Visual activity predicts auditory recovery from deafness after adult cochlear implantation.
The link demonstrated between visual activity and auditory speech perception indicates that visuoauditory synergy is crucial for cross-modal plasticity and fostering speech-comprehension recovery in adult cochlear-implanted deaf patients. Expand
The graphemic/motor frontal area Exner's area revisited
Direct cortical stimulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging were used to study the human frontal areas involved in writing. Expand
Renewal of the neurophysiology of language: functional neuroimaging.
The impact of the functional neuroimaging revolution on the understanding of language is characterized to show how functional imaging can allow fine-grained approaches to adaptation, the fundamental property of the brain. Expand