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Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions.
Values for RS are similar to the amount of starch escaping digestion in the small intestine of ileostomates, and are a guide to the amounts of starch likely to enter the colon for fermentation. Expand
Short chain fatty acids in human large intestine, portal, hepatic and venous blood.
Data indicate that substantial carbohydrate, and possibly protein, fermentation is occurring in the human large intestine, principally in the caecum and ascending colon and that the large bowel may have a greater role to play in digestion than has previously been ascribed to it. Expand
The control and consequences of bacterial fermentation in the human colon.
Selective stimulation of bifidobacteria in the human colon by oligofructose and inulin.
Small changes in diet can alter the balance of colonic bacteria towards a potentially healthier microflora, and a 15-g.day-1 dietary addition of oligofructose or inulin led to Bifidobacterium becoming the numerically predominant genus in feces. Expand
Functional food science and gastrointestinal physiology and function.
The development of functional foods for the gut is in its infancy and will be successful only if more fundamental research is done on digestive physiology, the gut microflora, immune system and mucosal function. Expand
Comparison of fermentation reactions in different regions of the human colon.
Findings demonstrate significant differences in fermentation reactions in different regions of the large gut in two human sudden-death victims. Expand
Rapidly available glucose in foods: an in vitro measurement that reflects the glycemic response.
The significance of in vitro measurements of RAG in relation to glycemic response in human studies is shown and could serve as a tool for investigating the importance of the amount, type, and form of dietary carbohydrates for health. Expand
Carbohydrate terminology and classification
A clearer understanding of what is meant by any particular word used to describe carbohydrate is essential to progress in translating the growing knowledge of the physiological properties of carbohydrate into public health messages. Expand
Prebiotic digestion and fermentation.
Present evidence concerning the 2 most studied prebiotics, fructooligosaccharides and inulin, is consistent with their resisting digestion by gastric acid and pancreatic enzymes in vivo, but the wide variety of new candidate prebiotic becoming available for human use requires that a manageable set of in vitro tests be agreed on. Expand
Functional food properties of non-digestible oligosaccharides: a consensus report from the ENDO project (DGXII AIRII-CT94-1095).
It was concluded that the nutritional properties of NDO may prove to be a key issue in nutritional research in the future and there is preliminary evidence in experimental animals of a preventive effect against colon cancer. Expand