A relevance theory of induction
Judgments of argument strength were gathered in three different countries, and the results showed the importance of both causal scenarios and property reinforcement in categorybased inferences.
Categorization and Reasoning among Tree Experts: Do All Roads Lead to Rome?
To what degree do conceptual systems reflect universal patterns of featural covariation in the world (similarity) or universal organizing principles of mind, and to what degree do they reflect…
The Tree of Life: Universal and Cultural Features of Folkbiological Taxonomies and Inductions
- Alejandro López, S. Atran, J. Coley, D. Medin, Edward E. Smith
- BiologyCognitive Psychology
- 1 April 1997
Two parallel studies performed with members of very different cultures suggest that while building folkbiological taxonomies and using them for Folkbiological inductions is a universal competence of human cognition there are also important cultural constraints on that competence.
The importance of knowing a dodo is a bird: Categories and infer - ences in two - year olds
A straightened, textured yarn is produced employing an apparatus comprising a crimping means, an entangling means and a heating and tensioning means which heats and applies tension to the crimped and…
Beyond labeling: the role of maternal input in the acquisition of richly structured categories.
- S. Gelman, J. Coley, K. Rosengren, E. Hartman, A. Pappas
- PsychologyMonographs of the Society for Research in Child…
- 16 January 1991
The present studies explore the role of maternal input, providing one of the first detailed looks at how mothers convey information about category structure during naturalistic interactions, and suggest possible mechanisms by which a notion of kind is conveyed in the absence of detailed informationAbout category essences.
Development of categorization and reasoning in the natural world: novices to experts, naive similarity to ecological knowledge.
The role of similarity and causal-ecological knowledge in expert and novice categorization and reasoning is investigated and expertise appears to involve knowledge of multiple relations among entities and context-sensitive application of those relations.
Common Origins of Diverse Misconceptions: Cognitive Principles and the Development of Biology Thinking
It is argued that seemingly unrelated misconceptions may have common origins in a single underlying cognitive construal, and this conversation to include other biological scientists and educators, as well as other cognitive scientists, could have significant utility in improving biology teaching and learning.
Where the wild things are: informal experience and ecological reasoning.
- J. Coley
- Environmental ScienceChild Development
- 1 May 2012
By age 10, children preferred taxonomic inferences for insides and ecologicalinferences for disease, but this pattern emerged earlier among rural children, demonstrating effects of both domain-relevant experience and environment on biological reasoning.
Tall is typical: Central tendency, ideal dimensions, and graded category structure among tree experts and novices
It is argued that the internal structure of taxonomic categories can be shaped by goal-related experience and is not necessarily a reflection of the attributional structure of the environment.
Perspectives on language and thought: Language and categorization: The acquisition of natural kind terms
What is striking about human categories is their diversity. They range from the simplest classification of a face or color to the most carefully constructed taxonomic grouping. Considering this…