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  • Influence
Hope and Optimism
Hope and optimism are positive motivational states, both of which involve the expectation of desired outcomes in the future. In this article, we review the definitions, leading measures, adaptiveExpand
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Two views of self-rated general health status.
Global self-evaluations of health have proven to be sensitive predictors of morbidity and mortality. Yet researchers have only a limited understanding of how these self-evaluations are reached. ThisExpand
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Perceived control in relation to socioeconomic and behavioral resources for health.
Perceived control is a personality characteristic that contributes to well-being, but few studies have attempted to integrate the functions of perceived control with those of other determinants ofExpand
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Perceived Academic Control and Failure in College students: A Three-Year Study of Scholastic Attainment
Although self-initiative is recognized as instrumental to success in college, some students do not take responsibility for their academic development and fail to make the transition from high schoolExpand
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Control striving in older adults with serious health problems: A 9-year longitudinal study of survival, health, and well-being.
The present longitudinal study of 143 older adults (73-98 years) with serious health problems (arthritis, heart disease, heart attack, stroke) examined the effects of goal engagement, disengagement,Expand
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Attributing illness to ‘old age:’ Consequences of a self-directed stereotype for health and mortality
Stereotypic beliefs about older adults and the aging process have led to endorsement of the myth that ‘to be old is to be ill.’ This study examined community-dwelling older adults’ (N = 105, age 80+)Expand
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Perceived control and emotions: interactive effects on performance in achievement settings
Individual differences in cognitions and emotions play a critical role in difficult academic situations, such as the transition into college, a period infused with uncertainty. Perceived academicExpand
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Incongruence between Health Perceptions and Health Problems
Subjective ratings of health are not always congruent with other health indices. The present study explored the congruence/incongruence between subjective overall health ratings and diseases/healthExpand
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Everyday physical activity as a predictor of late-life mortality.
PURPOSE The present study hypothesized that simple, everyday physical activity (EPA) would decline with advancing age; that women would have a more favorable EPA profile than would men; and that EPAExpand
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Self-perceptions of health: a prospective analysis of mortality, control, and health.
A growing number of studies show that self-perceptions of health are an important predictor of mortality. The present study was designed to extend this research by examining the relation betweenExpand
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