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The additive effect of bilingualism on third language acquisition: A review
This article looks at the general effects of bilingualism on cognitive development and highlights the specific effects of bilingualism on third language acquisition. First, it examines the effects of
Linguistic Landscape and Minority Languages
This paper focuses on the linguistic landscape of two streets in two multilingual cities in Friesland (Netherlands) and the Basque Country (Spain) where a minority language is spoken, Basque or
Defining Multilingualism
  • J. Cenoz
  • Linguistics
    Annual Review of Applied Linguistics
  • 1 March 2013
This article looks at the definitions and scope of multilingualism and the different perspectives used in its study. Multilingualism is a very common phenomenon that has received much scholarly
Additive trilingualism: Evidence from the Basque Country
ABSTRACT This research examines the influence of bilingualism on third language learning in a bilingual community, the Basque Country. The English-language achievement of students instructed through
Critical Analysis of CLIL: Taking Stock and Looking Forward
The growing interest in Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) has resulted in enthusiasm in and active pursuit of improved methods of foreign/second-language (L2) teaching in Europe.
Towards Multilingual Education: Basque Educational Research from an International Perspective
  • J. Cenoz
  • Education, Linguistics
  • 18 August 2009
A typology of multilingual education using the minority as the language of instruction and learning through the minority language: linguistic and academic outcomes is presented.
Focus on Multilingualism: A Study of Trilingual Writing
In this article, we analyze the relationship between studies in second language acquisition and studies in bilingualism as areas that have been traditionally ignored but which share some common
Minority languages and sustainable translanguaging: threat or opportunity?
ABSTRACT Traditionally, languages have been separated from each other in the school curriculum and there has been little consideration for resources that learners possess as emergent multilinguals.