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Weighting against homoplasy improves phylogenetic analysis of morphological data sets
The problem of character weighting in cladistic analysis is revisited. The finding that, in large molecular data sets, removal of third positions (with more homoplasy) decreases the number of well
The Phylogeny of the Extant Hexapod Orders
TLDR
A well-resolved and robust cladogram of ordinal relationships is produced with the topology of crustacea with representatives of each hexapod order included.
ON SIMULTANEOUS ANALYSIS
Arguments for and against combined analysis of multiple data sets in phylogenetic inference are reviewed. Simultaneous analysis of combined data better maximizes cladistic parsimony than separate
Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation.
Choosing Among Multiple Equally Parsimonious Cladograms
  • J. Carpenter
  • Biology
    Cladistics : the international journal of the…
  • 1 September 1988
TLDR
The issue of choice among multiple equally parsimonious cladograms, and three statistics considered, are addressed: the consistency index, F-ratio, D and the D measure, an application of the Shannon entropy statistic from Gatlin (1972).
ON SIMULTANEOUS ANALYSIS
TLDR
Arguments for and against combined analysis of multiple data sets in phylogenetic inference are reviewed and simultaneous analysis is to be preferred because it better maximizes cladistic parsimony than separate analyses.
Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera
TLDR
The first comprehensive analysis of higher‐level phylogeny of the order Hymenoptera is presented and all currently recognized superfamilies are supported as monophyletic.
New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships
TLDR
Discovery of new and exclusively primitive ants in upper Cretaceous ambers indicates an origin of the ants probably in the lowermost Cret Jurassic, but no older, contrary to a recent molecular hypothesis.
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