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The relationship between media consumption and eating disorders
This study examined the relationship between college women's media use and two sets of variables (disordered-eating symptomatology and a set of related variables, including body dissatisfaction andExpand
The portrayal of men and women in U.S. television commercials: A recent content analysis and trends over 15 years
This article summarizes the content analyses of male and female portrayals in U.S. television commercials that have been published since 1971. The paper also includes the results of a contentExpand
The development of a child into a consumer
This paper presents a descriptive model of the development of children's consumer behavior from infancy to 12 years of age. Although there is no single definition of consumer behavior in theExpand
Media ratings for violence and sex. Implications for policymakers and parents.
Research on the implementation of media-rating systems, parents' use and evaluation of them, and the impact of ratings on children shows that ratings indicating restricted or controversial content have a deterrent effect for children under age 8 but that, by age 11 and especially for boys, the ratings show a small enticement effect. Expand
Children's Fright Reactions to Television News
In a random survey of parents of kindergarten, second, fourth, and sixth grade children, 37% of the children were reported to have been frightened or upset by a news story on television. TheExpand
Tales from the Screen: Enduring Fright Reactions to Scary Media
This study was conducted to examine enduring fright reactions to mass media via recollective self-reports of a sample of undergraduates (average age 20.6 years) from two universities. Ninety percentExpand
Reducing the Aggression-Promoting Effect of Violent Cartoons By Increasing Children's Fictional Involvement with the Victim: A Study of Active Mediation
An experiment with 351 second through sixth graders was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an active mediation strategy: encouraging children to focus on the feelings of the victim ofExpand
Elderly Viewers' Responses to Televised Portrayals of Old Age
This study examined the effects of differently valenced portrayals of old age on the emotional responses of elderly viewers. Lonely and nonlonely elderly people (as determined in a pretest) wereExpand